While suffering, in the bare sense of an aversive or unpleasant experience, may play a role in the production of temporal goods, as with the suffering involved with certain forms of professional training, I argue that humans retain the capacity to generate disvalue
, which constitutes merely wanton suffering.
But the EMOT-ability conditions will be given by a standard of correctness that may not map onto anything of value or disvalue
The final strategy, one that might seem promising, is what Schauer called "rule-sensitive particularism." (32) The rule-sensitive particularist acts on his first-order practical reason, but his first-order practical reason takes into account the value of having rules and the consequent disvalue
of undermining the rules by flouting them, which occurs if one's flouting the rules leads others to follow suit.
Shulman's argument rests on the assumption that value and disvalue
are symmetrical with regard to such optimized states.
The above argument hinges upon the normative disvalue
of suffering; that is, the value theory that underlies Buddhist ethics assumes that preventing suffering is justified.
The only way to make sense of pleasure and pain as merit and demerit, respectively, is to understand their value and disvalue
as at least partly intrinsic.
The Turks held a caveman's view that human society is composed of warring ethnic groups or tribes, that moral value or disvalue
is bestowed by ethnic membership, that individual members of a rival or disfavored tribe hold no value regardless of their intellectual achievement or moral stature, and that such "ethnic inferiors" or "tribal enemies" may be mercilessly and ceaselessly massacred.
As well as the recognition of the subject in its individuality occurs from a social perspective, the disregard of peculiarities of the subject takes place as a result of social disvalue
ascribed to it.
"The acquittal of Salah's murderer indicates that the regime is protecting killers of a certain faction in the society", Al Wefaq stated, "this illustrates the regime's disvalue
of the lives of Bahrainis".
(9) WHB complain that we use only $2 million as the deterrence value (or disvalue
) of a year in prison.
Or that the life he adopted has no disvalue
? Can he even make sense of his predicament if he doesn't believe that values conflict?
(45) Hence, integrity becomes just another of the considerations that must be factored into the complex moral calculus and weighed with the disvalue
of complicity, the consequences of different courses of action, and the patient's preferences.