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1. Any of various plants in the pea family, chiefly of the genera Senna and Chamaecrista, having pinnately compound leaves and showy, nearly regular, usually yellow flowers, used as ornamentals and for medicinal purposes.
2. A preparation of the dried leaves of Senna alexandrina, used as a laxative.

[New Latin, from Arabic sanā; akin to Aramaic sanyā, a thorn-bush.]


1. (Plants) any of various tropical plants of the leguminous genus Cassia, esp C. angustifolia (Arabian senna) and C. acutifolia (Alexandrian senna), having typically yellow flowers and long pods
2. (Pharmacology) senna leaf the dried leaflets of any of these plants, used as a cathartic and laxative
3. (Pharmacology) senna pods the dried fruits of any of these plants, used as a cathartic and laxative
[C16: via New Latin from Arabic sanā]


(Biography) Ayrton (ˈɛətən). 1960–94, Brazilian racing driver: Formula One world champion (1988, 1990, 1991)


(ˈsɛn ə)

n., pl. -nas.
1. any plant, shrub, or tree belonging to the genus Cassia, of the legume family, having pinnate leaves and large clusters of flowers.
2. any of various cathartic drugs made from certain of these plants.
[1535–45; < New Latin < Arabic sanā]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.senna - any of various plants of the genus Senna having pinnately compound leaves and showy usually yellow flowerssenna - any of various plants of the genus Senna having pinnately compound leaves and showy usually yellow flowers; many are used medicinally
genus Senna - genus of shrubs and trees and herbs many of which are often classified as members of the genus Cassia
Cassia alata, ringworm bush, ringworm cassia, ringworm shrub, Senna alata - tropical shrub (especially of Americas) having yellow flowers and large leaves whose juice is used as a cure for ringworm and poisonous bites; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
avaram, Cassia auriculata, Senna auriculata, tanner's cassia - evergreen Indian shrub with vivid yellow flowers whose bark is used in tanning; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
Alexandria senna, Alexandrian senna, Cassia acutifolia, Cassia augustifolia, Indian senna, Senna alexandrina, tinnevelly senna, true senna - erect shrub having racemes of tawny yellow flowers; the dried leaves are used medicinally as a cathartic; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
Cassia occidentalis, coffee senna, mogdad coffee, Senna occidentalis, stinking weed, styptic weed - very leafy malodorous tropical weedy shrub whose seeds have been used as an adulterant for coffee; sometimes classified in genus Cassia
bush, shrub - a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems


[ˈsenə] Nsena f


n (= drug)Sennesblätter pl; (= plant)Sennespflanze f


n (bot) sen m
References in periodicals archive ?
Now, Kmetz takes about an ounce and a half of Enemeez, which contains a dose of 283 milligrams of docusate sodium, and other suppositories, and he only has to sit on a commode chair for an hour instead of sitting in a bathroom for half the day.
Changes in laxative medication use for constipation before abdominal massage (AM) and after abdominal massage (AM) at six-week intervention Number of prescriptions Macrogol 21 15 Latulose 3 1 Sodium picosulphate 1 1 Glycerin suppositories 4 1 Bisocodyl 1 0 Docusate sodium 1 0 Note: Table made from bar graph.
TABLE 2 Common treatments for constipation Bulk-forming laxatives absorb water, increasing fecal mass * psyllium seed (Metamucil) * methylcellulose (Citrucel) * calcium polycarbophil (FiberCon) * wheat Dextran (Benefiber) Surfactant agents lower the surface tension of stool, allowing water to enter the stool * docusate sodium (Colace) Osmotic laxatives contain poorly/nonabsorbed substances, leading to intestinal water secretion * polyethylene glycol (MiraLAX) * magnesium citrate (Milk of Magnesia) Stimulant laxatives increase colonic transit and alter electrolyte transport across the colonic mucosa * bisacodyl (Dulcolax) * senna (Senokot)
These include taking an oral stool softener like docusate sodium (Colace) and a daily fiber supplement like Metamucil, Konsyl, Citrucel or Fibercon; eating high-fiber foods like dried and fresh fruits, vegetables, bran and other whole grains; and drinking two or more quarts of water a day.