dopamine


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Related to dopamine: norepinephrine, serotonin

do·pa·mine

 (dō′pə-mēn′)
n.
A monoamine neurotransmitter formed in the brain by the decarboxylation of dopa and essential to the normal functioning of the central nervous system. A reduction in its concentration within the brain is associated with Parkinson's disease.

dopamine

(ˈdɒpəmɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a chemical found in the brain that acts as a neurotransmitter and is an intermediate compound in the synthesis of noradrenaline. Formula: (HO)2C6H3(CH2)2NH2
[from d(ihydr)o(xy)p(henylethyl)amine]

do•pa•mine

(ˈdoʊ pəˌmin)

n.
a monoamine neurotransmitter that acts within certain brain cells to help regulate movement and emotion.
[1955–60]

dopamine

a neurotransmitter
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dopamine - a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension
monoamine neurotransmitter - a monoamine that is functionally important in neural transmission
Translations
dopamin
dopamin
dopamiini
dopamine
dopamina
dopamina
dopamin

dopamine

n (Chem) → Dopamin nt

do·pa·mine

n. dopamina, neurotransmisor, sustancia sintetizada por la glándula suprarrenal que aumenta la presión arterial; gen. usada en el tratamiento de choque.

dopamine

n dopamina
References in periodicals archive ?
Release date- 20082019 - In a new study of seven people with Parkinson's disease, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report evidence that deep brain stimulation using electrical impulses jumpstarts the nerve cells that produce the chemical messenger dopamine to reduce tremors and muscle rigidity that are the hallmark of Parkinson's disease, and increases feelings of well-being.
Brain activity involving the dopamine system in the region of the brain called the striatum is a critical regulator of motor activity, motivation, attention and reward processing.
The findings of the altered neurons come from recordings of dopamine and non-dopamine neurons in the brain's addiction centre, called the ventral tegmental area (VTA), following chronic nicotine exposure during pregnancy.
'With the help of a new positron emission tomography (PET) technique we developed, we were not only able to find the two peaks of dopamine release, but we could also identify the specific brain regions that were associated with these releases.
Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter in the central nervous system of the human body and plays important roles in motivation, cognition and motor control.
They could lead to neurons "believing" that there is more dopamine than there actually is, which could lead to mature circuits with reduced dopamine signalling once they fully mature (see (http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnsys.2014.00038/full) Performance enhancement at the cost of potential brain plasticity: neural ramifications of nootropic drugs in the healthy developing brain  for more details).
24-hour urine dopamine was drawn due to minimal elevation of metanephrines and normal catecholamines.
These results suggest that part of the reason people with the FTO variant are more likely to be obese may be because dopamine signals in their brain cause them to feel more reward and craving when presented with high-calorie foods.
Dopamine helps us to take action to gain reward and pleasure.
The organizations will provide $625,000 to Ole Isacson of the Harvard Stem Cell Institute for preclinical work exploring implantation of dopamine neurons created from engineered stem cells.
The experiments, performed in rat models of Parkinson's disease, reveal that the latest version of stem cell-derived dopamine cells fully mimic the characteristics and function of the dopamine neurons that are lost in Parkinson's disease.
When a person is exposed to certain mind-altering substances, such as alcohol or cocaine, dopamine levels increase.