downthrow

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downthrow

(ˈdaʊnˌθrəʊ)
n
1. the state of throwing down or being thrown down
2. (Geological Science) geology the sinking of rocks on one side of a fault plane
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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In this framework, the overall structural architecture, which provides the hydraulically conductive fracture sets, appears dominated by NNE-SSW- to ENE-WSW-trending tectonic lineaments, with a major normal fault oriented WNW-ESE, downthrowing the northern block, passing few hundred meters to the SW of the study site.
In the dip-trending seismic profile across the well TS1 in the North Uplift of Tarim Basin, several high-angle (nearly vertical) tensional (or transtensional) faults with small displacement (downthrowing) are identified, which cut the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary and partially extend upwards into the Ordovician (Figure 3).