(Guinea worm disease), caused by the parasite Dracunculus medinensis, is acquired by drinking water containing copepods (water fleas) infected with its larvae.
Guinea worm disease, or dracunculiasis
, is transmitted through contaminated water.
Traditional therapy of dracunculiasis
in the State of Bauchi, Nigeria.
It defines a list of seventeen neglected diseases targeted by transnational actions, namely: Chagas Disease, Dengue, Buruli Ulcer, Cysticercosis, Dracunculiasis
, Echinococcosis, Fascioliasis, Human African Trypanosomiasis, Leishmaniasis, Leprosy, Lymphatic Filariasis, Onchocerciasis, Rabies, Schistosomiasis, Helminthiasis, Trachoma and Yaws.
The International Commission for the Certification of the Dracunculiasis
Eradication (ICCDE) presented the findings at a meeting in Geneva.
In February, the World Health Organisation certified Kenya free of Guinea worm disease on the recommendation of the International Commission for the Certification of the Dracunculiasis
Evidence from systematic reviews and meta-analyses of WASH interventions in poor communities with unsafe water and inadequate sanitation has shown that interventions can reduce the risk of diarrheal diseases [6,7] and water related diseases including ascariasis, dracunculiasis
, hookworm infection, schistosomiasis, and trachoma [12, 13].
Guinea worm disease, also known as Dracunculiasis
, is one of the neglected tropical diseases that is on the verge of elimination.
, or Guinea worm infection, which occurs when people consume water contaminated with fleas carrying parasitic worms.
, yet all three fall under the broader rubric of global
or guinea worm disease causes severe morbidity and disability among effected populations.
The following 18 NTDs have been designated by WHO for control or elimination: dengue and chikungunya, rabies, trachoma, buruli ulcer, yaws [endemic treponematoses], leprosy [Hansen's disease], Chagas disease, human African trypanosomiasis [sleeping sickness], leishmaniasis, taeniasis / cysticercosis, dracunculiasis
[guinea-worm disease], echinococcosis, food-borne trematodiases, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis [river blindness], schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthiases, and mycetoma.