draisine


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

draisine

(dreɪˈziːn)
n
an early form of bicycle designed in Germany, nick-named the hobby horse or dandy horsea light (usually human powered) rail vehicle
Translations
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The prototype of the bicycle was developed by French craftsman, Comte Mede de Sivrac in the 1790s, while Baron Karl Drais von Sauerbronn, a German nobleman patented his Draisine in 1817.
The prototype of the bicycle was developed by French craftsman, Comte Mede De Sivrac in the 1790s while Baron Karl Drais Von Sauerbronn, a German nobleman patented his Draisine in 1817.
| 1818: Karl Christian Ludwig Drais von Sauerbronn patented the "draisine", the forerunner of the bicycle.
1818: Karl Christian Ludwig Drais von Sauerbronn patented the 'draisine', the forerunner of the bicycle.
The draisine was wooden simplicity itself, but the Baron's idea soon caught on; the bike was up and running.
The very first cycles date back to the early 19th century and the archetype of the bicycle was the German draisine of 1817.
In fact, one of the earliest names of the bicycle, it's only earlier name being the Draisine. We can assume safely that the 'veloci' was derived from the word for speed, or velocity, because it must have, in those days, made walking man look like he was - I was going to write statuesque but that more aptly describes a lady who back in those times would have been loath to sit astride the early bicycle, given the voluminous materials she wore that gave the resemblance of a hot air balloon prior to take off.
The machine became known as the "draisine," and led to the creation of the modern-day bicycle.
Since the children enjoyed these questions so much, here are a few more posers that tested the minds of students from the senior categories: Draisine, Boneshaker, Columbia Expert and American Safety were some of the earliest types of this everyday vehicle.
Similarly, the Dutch have played no significant role in the invention and innovation of the bicycle: the draisine came from Germany, the velocipede from France, the high-wheeler from France and England, and the safety bicycle from England.
Using reclaimed pieces of the Corniche itself, and a draisine rail motor from the Mar Mikhail train station, the students -- who went straight to Transport Minister Ghazi Aridi for permission -- take it in turns to manually shift the platform along tracks they have themselves constructed, taking visitors right to the end of the harbor.