dread


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

dread

 (drĕd)
v. dread·ed, dread·ing, dreads
v.tr.
1. To be in terror of; fear intensely: "What I most dreaded as a child was the close danger of the atomic bomb" (James Carroll).
2. To anticipate with alarm, distaste, or reluctance: We dreaded the long drive home.
3. Archaic To hold in awe or reverence.
v.intr.
To be very afraid.
n.
1.
a. Profound fear; terror: "the dread of a fire that would end not just my life but everyone else's" (Jan Clausen).
b. Fearful or anxious anticipation: the dread of saying something foolish on stage. See Synonyms at fear.
c. An instance of fear or fearful anticipation: His dreads about school finally subsided.
d. A source of fear, awe, or reverence: The author's greatest dread is that the book will go unnoticed.
2.
a. A dreadlock: She wears her hair in dreads.
b. A person who wears dreadlocks.
3. Archaic Awe; reverence.
adj.
1. Causing terror or fear: a dread disease. See Usage Note below.
2. Inspiring awe: the dread presence of the headmaster.

[Middle English dreden, short for adreden, from Old English adrǣdan, from ondrǣdan, to advise against, fear : ond-, and-, against; see un-2 + rǣdan, to advise; see ar- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: The adjective dread meaning "causing terror or fear" is often supplanted by the participle adjective dreaded. In our 2015 survey, 88 percent of the Usage Panel found the use of dreaded acceptable in the sentence After communicating with the enemy, Corporal Adams was labeled with the dreaded epithet "traitor." By contrast, only 69 percent of the Panel found the use of dread in the same sentence acceptable, while roughly one-third found its use unacceptable. It seems that dreaded is not merely gaining ground as an alternative to dread but actually replacing it as the adjective of choice to mean "causing fear."

dread

(drɛd)
vb (tr)
1. to anticipate with apprehension or terror
2. to fear greatly
3. archaic to be in awe of
n
4. great fear; horror
5. an object of terror
6. (Other Non-Christian Religions) slang a Rastafarian
7. archaic deep reverence
adj
literary awesome; awe-inspiring
[Old English ondrǣdan; related to Old Saxon antdrādan, Old High German intrātan]

dread

(drɛd)

v.t.
1. to fear greatly: to dread death.
2. to be very reluctant to do, meet, or experience.
3. Archaic. to hold in respectful awe.
v.i.
4. to have fear or great reluctance.
n.
5. terror or apprehension as to something in the future; great fear.
6. a person or thing dreaded.
7. dreads, dreadlocks.
8. Archaic. deep awe or reverence.
adj.
9. greatly feared; frightful; terrible.
10. held in awe or reverential fear.
[1125–75; Old English drǣdan; c. Old High German intrātan]

dread


Past participle: dreaded
Gerund: dreading

Imperative
dread
dread
Present
I dread
you dread
he/she/it dreads
we dread
you dread
they dread
Preterite
I dreaded
you dreaded
he/she/it dreaded
we dreaded
you dreaded
they dreaded
Present Continuous
I am dreading
you are dreading
he/she/it is dreading
we are dreading
you are dreading
they are dreading
Present Perfect
I have dreaded
you have dreaded
he/she/it has dreaded
we have dreaded
you have dreaded
they have dreaded
Past Continuous
I was dreading
you were dreading
he/she/it was dreading
we were dreading
you were dreading
they were dreading
Past Perfect
I had dreaded
you had dreaded
he/she/it had dreaded
we had dreaded
you had dreaded
they had dreaded
Future
I will dread
you will dread
he/she/it will dread
we will dread
you will dread
they will dread
Future Perfect
I will have dreaded
you will have dreaded
he/she/it will have dreaded
we will have dreaded
you will have dreaded
they will have dreaded
Future Continuous
I will be dreading
you will be dreading
he/she/it will be dreading
we will be dreading
you will be dreading
they will be dreading
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been dreading
you have been dreading
he/she/it has been dreading
we have been dreading
you have been dreading
they have been dreading
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been dreading
you will have been dreading
he/she/it will have been dreading
we will have been dreading
you will have been dreading
they will have been dreading
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been dreading
you had been dreading
he/she/it had been dreading
we had been dreading
you had been dreading
they had been dreading
Conditional
I would dread
you would dread
he/she/it would dread
we would dread
you would dread
they would dread
Past Conditional
I would have dreaded
you would have dreaded
he/she/it would have dreaded
we would have dreaded
you would have dreaded
they would have dreaded
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dread - fearful expectation or anticipationdread - fearful expectation or anticipation; "the student looked around the examination room with apprehension"
fear, fearfulness, fright - an emotion experienced in anticipation of some specific pain or danger (usually accompanied by a desire to flee or fight)
trepidation - a feeling of alarm or dread
boding, foreboding, premonition, presentiment - a feeling of evil to come; "a steadily escalating sense of foreboding"; "the lawyer had a presentiment that the judge would dismiss the case"
suspense - apprehension about what is going to happen
gloom, gloominess, somberness, sombreness - a feeling of melancholy apprehension
pall, chill - a sudden numbing dread
Verb1.dread - be afraid or scared ofdread - be afraid or scared of; be frightened of; "I fear the winters in Moscow"; "We should not fear the Communists!"
panic - be overcome by a sudden fear; "The students panicked when told that final exams were less than a week away"
Adj.1.dread - causing fear or dread or terrordread - causing fear or dread or terror; "the awful war"; "an awful risk"; "dire news"; "a career or vengeance so direful that London was shocked"; "the dread presence of the headmaster"; "polio is no longer the dreaded disease it once was"; "a dreadful storm"; "a fearful howling"; "horrendous explosions shook the city"; "a terrible curse"
alarming - frightening because of an awareness of danger

dread

verb
1. fear, shrink from, be anxious about, flinch from, cringe at the thought of, quail from, shudder to think about, have cold feet about (informal), anticipate with horror, tremble to think about I'm dreading Christmas this year.
noun
1. fear, alarm, horror, terror, dismay, fright, apprehension, consternation, trepidation, fearfulness, apprehensiveness, affright She thought with dread of the cold winters to come.
adjective
1. (Literary) frightening, terrible, alarming, awful, terrifying, horrible, dreadful, dreaded, dire, frightful the dread phrase 'politically correct'

dread

verb
To be afraid of:
Idiom: have one's heart in one's mouth.
noun
1. Great agitation and anxiety caused by the expectation or the realization of danger:
Slang: cold feet.
Idiom: fear and trembling.
2. Archaic. The emotion aroused by something awe-inspiring or astounding:
Archaic: admiration.
Translations
رُعْب، ذُعْريُرْعِب، يخاف، يَفْزَع، يَرْتَعِب
bát seděsit sehrůzastrach
frygtfrygtegrue forrædselskræk
retteg
óttastótti
baimė
baidītiesbailesšausmas
desiť sa
büyük korkuçok korkmakdehşetödü patlamak

dread

[dred]
A. Nterror m, pavor m
to fill sb with dreadinfundir terror a algn
he lives in dread of being caughtvive aterrorizado por la idea de que lo cojan or (LAm) agarren
B. VTtener pavor a
I dread going to the dentistme da pavor ir al dentista
I dread what may happen when he comesme horroriza lo que pueda pasar cuando venga
I dread to think of it¡sólo pensarlo me da horror!
C. ADJespantoso

dread

[ˈdrɛd]
n (= fear) → épouvante f, effroi m
dread of → terreur de
vt (= fear very much) → redouter
to dread to think
I dread to think what will happen → Je n'ose imaginer ce qui va arriver.

dread

vtsich fürchten vor (+dat), → große Angst haben vor (+dat); I’m dreading Christmas this yeardieses Jahr graut es mir schon vor Weihnachten; a dreaded diseaseeine gefürchtete Krankheit; and now the dreaded moment, here are the exam resultsder mit Schrecken erwartete Augenblick ist da, hier sind die Examensergebnisse; I dread to think what may happenich wage nicht daran zu denken, was passieren könnte; I dread or I’m dreading seeing her againich denke mit Schrecken an ein Wiedersehen mit ihr; he dreads going to the dentister hat schreckliche Angst davor, zum Zahnarzt zu gehen
n a sense of dreadein Angstgefühl nt; the thought filled me with dreadbei dem Gedanken wurde mir angst und bange; to live in dread of the secret policein ständiger Angst vor der Geheimpolizei leben; to live in dread of being found outin ständiger Angst davor leben, entdeckt zu werden
adj (liter)gefürchtet

dread

[drɛd]
1. nterrore m
2. vtavere il terrore di, tremare all'idea di

dread

(dred) noun
great fear. She lives in dread of her child being drowned in the canal; His voice was husky with dread.
verb
to fear greatly. We were dreading his arrival.
ˈdreadful adjective
1. terrible. a dreadful accident.
2. very bad or annoying. What dreadful children!
ˈdreadfulness noun
ˈdreadfully adverb
extremely. dreadfully ill; dreadfully clever.
References in classic literature ?
She turned from the window with gladness in her eyes, for the wife's chief dread was stilled.
It is not what you suppose, Mary, nor WHOM you suppose," answered my mistress; "I mean Mademoiselle Hennequin--I confess I DO dread the glance of her reproving eye.
All the force of her nature had been concentrated on the one effort of concealment, and she had shrunk with irresistible dread from every course that could tend towards a betrayal of her miserable secret.
In addition to the pain of separation, there was the horrid dread of falling into the hands of Master Andrew.
There was really, even now, no tangible evidence to the contrary; but since the previous night a vague dread had hung on his sky-line.
God willed, no doubt, to open to this elect the treasures of eternal beatitude, at this hour when other men tremble with the idea of being severely received by the Lord, and cling to this life they know, in the dread of the other life of which they get but merest glimpses by the dismal murky torch of death.
At such times, although I longed to destroy it with a blow, I was yet withheld from so doing, partly by a memory of my former crime, but chiefly - let me confess it at once - by absolute dread of the beast.
He felt too restless to sleep, and he had a horrible dread of being moved on by the police.
Dread is she, and with Ares she loves deeds of war, the sack of cities and the shouting and the battle.
Next CHEMOS, th' obscene dread of MOABS Sons, From AROER to NEBO, and the wild Of Southmost ABARIM; in HESEBON And HERONAIM, SEONS Realm, beyond The flowry Dale of SIBMA clad with Vines, And ELEALE to th' ASPHALTICK Pool.
Thou dost mark well, faithful and trusty squire, the gloom of this night, its strange silence, the dull confused murmur of those trees, the awful sound of that water in quest of which we came, that seems as though it were precipitating and dashing itself down from the lofty mountains of the Moon, and that incessant hammering that wounds and pains our ears; which things all together and each of itself are enough to instil fear, dread, and dismay into the breast of Mars himself, much more into one not used to hazards and adventures of the kind.
Ogg's boat, and it came nearer and nearer, till they saw the Virgin was Lucy and the boatman was Philip,--no, not Philip, but her brother, who rowed past without looking at her; and she rose to stretch out her arms and call to him, and their own boat turned over with the movement, and they began to sink, till with one spasm of dread she seemed to awake, and find she was a child again in the parlor at evening twilight, and Tom was not really angry.