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Edema. No longer in scientific use.
[Middle English dropesie, short for idropesie, from Old French ydropisie, from Medieval Latin ydrōpisia, from Latin hydrōpisis, from Greek hudrōpiāsis, from hudrōps, dropsy, a dropsical person : hudro-, water; see hydro- + ōps, face; see okw- in Indo-European roots.]
drop′si·cal (-sĭ-kəl) adj.
1. (Pathology) pathol a condition characterized by an accumulation of watery fluid in the tissues or in a body cavity
2. slang a tip or bribe
[C13: shortened from ydropesie, from Latin hydrōpisis, from Greek hudrōps, from hudōr water]
dropsical, ˈdropsied adj
[1250–1300; < Old French < Medieval Latin (h)ydrōpisia, ultimately < Greek hydrōpíāsis, derivative of hýdrōps edema]
drop′si•cal (-sɪ kəl) adj.
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|Noun||1.||dropsy - swelling from excessive accumulation of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities|
angioedema, atrophedema, giant hives, periodic edema, Quincke's edema - recurrent large circumscribed areas of subcutaneous edema; onset is sudden and it disappears within 24 hours; seen mainly in young women, often as an allergic reaction to food or drugs
lymphedema - swelling (usually in the legs) caused by lymph accumulating in the tissues in the affected areas
scleredema - a skin disease marked by hard edema of the tissue usually beginning in the face
cystoid macular edema - a specific pattern of swelling in the central retina
anasarca - generalized edema with accumulation of serum in subcutaneous connective tissue
chemosis - edema of the mucous membrane of the eyeball and eyelid lining
papilledema - swelling of the optic disc (where the optic nerve enters the eyeball); usually associated with an increase in intraocular pressure