absorption

(redirected from drug absorption)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia.
Related to drug absorption: Drug distribution

ab·sorp·tion

 (əb-zôrp′shən, -sôrp′-)
n.
1. The act or process of absorbing or the condition of being absorbed.
2. A state of mental concentration.

[Latin absorptiō, absorptiōn-, from absorptus, past participle of absorbēre, to absorb; see absorb.]

ab·sorp′tive (-tĭv) adj.
ab′sorp·tiv′i·ty n.

absorption

(əbˈsɔːpʃən; -ˈzɔːp-)
n
1. the process of absorbing or the state of being absorbed
2. (Medicine) physiol
a. normal assimilation by the tissues of the products of digestion
b. the passage of a gas, fluid, drug, etc, through the mucous membranes or skin
3. (General Physics) physics a reduction of the intensity of any form of radiated energy as a result of energy conversion in a medium, such as the conversion of sound energy into heat
4. (Physiology) immunol the process of removing superfluous antibodies or antigens from a mixture using a reagent
[C16: from Latin absorptiōn-, from absorbēre to absorb]
abˈsorptive adj

ab•sorp•tion

(æbˈsɔrp ʃən, -ˈzɔrp-)

n.
1. the act of absorbing.
2. the state of being absorbed.
3. assimilation; incorporation.
4. preoccupation; engrossment.
5. assimilation by molecular or chemical action.
6. the removal of energy or particles from a beam by the medium through which the beam propagates.
[1590–1600; < Latin absorptiō <absorb(ēre) to absorb]
ab•sorp′tive, adj., n.

ab·sorp·tion

(əb-sôrp′shən)
1. Biology The movement of a substance, such as a liquid or solute, across a cell membrane by means of diffusion or osmosis.
2. Chemistry The process of drawing a gas or liquid into a solid through the minute spaces between its parts. Compare adsorption.
3. Physics The taking up and storing of energy, such as radiation, light, or sound, without it being reflected or transmitted.

absorption

1. Uptake of substances, such as digested food and oxygen, into cells.
2. The transfer of digested nutrients from the alimentary canal into blood or lymph.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.absorption - (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates anotherabsorption - (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
imbibition - (chemistry) the absorption of a liquid by a solid or gel
sorption - the process in which one substance takes up or holds another (by either absorption or adsorption)
2.absorption - (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a mediumabsorption - (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium; "the absorption of photons by atoms or molecules"
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
extinction - the reduction of the intensity of radiation as a consequence of absorption and radiation
natural action, natural process, action, activity - a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); "the action of natural forces"; "volcanic activity"
3.absorption - the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with anotherabsorption - the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
Americanisation, Americanization - assimilation into American culture
Anglicisation, Anglicization - the act of anglicizing; making English in appearance
Europeanisation, Europeanization - assimilation into European culture
social process - a process involved in the formation of groups of persons
Westernisation, Westernization - assimilation of Western culture; the social process of becoming familiar with or converting to the customs and practices of Western civilization
4.absorption - the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestionabsorption - the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion
anabolism, constructive metabolism - the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
malabsorption - abnormal absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
5.absorption - complete attentionabsorption - complete attention; intense mental effort
attention - the faculty or power of mental concentration; "keeping track of all the details requires your complete attention"
centering, focus, focusing, focussing, focal point, direction - the concentration of attention or energy on something; "the focus of activity shifted to molecular biology"; "he had no direction in his life"
specialism - the concentration of your efforts on a particular field of study or occupation
study - a state of deep mental absorption; "she is in a deep study"
6.absorption - the mental state of being preoccupied by somethingabsorption - the mental state of being preoccupied by something
cognitive state, state of mind - the state of a person's cognitive processes
abstractedness, abstraction - preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all else
absentmindedness - preoccupation so great that the ordinary demands on attention are ignored

absorption

noun
1. soaking up, consumption, digestion, sucking up, osmosis Vitamin C increases absorption of iron.
2. assimilation, integration, inclusion, fusion, incorporation, amalgamation Two new camps were set up for the absorption of refugees.
3. immersion, holding, involvement, concentration, occupation, engagement, fascination, preoccupation, intentness, captivation, raptness He was struck by the artists' total absorption in their work.

absorption

noun
1. The process of absorbing and incorporating, especially mentally:
2. Total occupation of the attention or of the mind:
Translations
إمْتِصَاص، إسْتِيعَاب، إنْهِمَاك فِي
абсорбция
pohlcenívstřebání
absorbtion
absorptioimeyttäminenimeytyminensulauttaminensulautuminen
abszorpciófelszívás
ísog, upptaka
absorbowanieabsorpcjapochłanianieprzyswajanie
pohltenie
vpijanje
emme

absorption

[əbˈzɔːpʃən]
A. N (Comm, fig) → absorción f
B. CPD absorption costing Ncálculo m del costo de absorción

absorption

[əbˈzɔːrən] n
(= absorbing) [liquid, heat, iron, vitamins] → absorption f
(into country, community) [refugees, immigrants] → absorption f
(= concentration) → attention f
her absorption in her work → son attention dans son travail

absorption

nAbsorption f, → Aufnahme f; (of liquid also)Aufsaugung f; (of vibration)Auffangen nt; (of shock)Dämpfung f; (of people, firm)Integration f; her total absorption in her family/studiesihr vollkommenes Aufgehen in ihrer Familie/ihrem Studium; to watch with absorptiongefesselt or gebannt beobachten

absorption

[əbˈsɔːpʃn] n
a. (Physiology) → assorbimento (Aut) → ammortizzamento (fig) (of person into group) → integrazione f
b. (fig) → concentrazione f
his absorption in his work prevented him from noticing ... → era così assorbito nel suo lavoro che non ha notato...

absorb

(əbˈzoːb) verb
1. to soak up. The cloth absorbed the ink I had spilled.
2. to take up the whole attention of (a person). He was completely absorbed in his book.
abˈsorbent adjective
able to soak up. absorbent paper.
abˈsorption (-ˈzoːp-) noun

ab·sorp·tion

n. absorción.
1. acto de ingerir o introducir líquidos u otras sustancias en el organismo;
cutaneous ______ cutánea;
mouth ______ bucal;
parenteral ______ parenteral;
intestinal ______ entérica;
stomach ______ estomacal
2. ensimismación.

absorption

n absorción f
References in periodicals archive ?
Earlier this week, the group said it had inked 11 licensing agreements for its DehydraTECH drug absorption platform thus far in 2019.
Broader factors concerning cancer treatment, especially the unavailability of proper drugs in several regions and laser-sharp focus on increasing drug absorption in cells by leveraging small molecule drugs, are likely to shape revenue generation in the oncology small molecule drugs market.
The surface morphology using scanning electron microscopy of the optimized film formulation of paroxetine depict smooth surface with some little pores (Figure 5), which indicated the uniform distribution of drug particles and that film was enough porous to allow the penetration of surrounding fluid for swelling and dissolutions of drug particles required for the faster drug absorption within the oral cavity [32, 33].
It is essential that the concentration of antibiotic must be adequate at the site of infection and must be retained for a suitable time.1 Developmental changes during the first few days, months, or years of life influence both the rate and extent of oral drug absorption in paediatric patients.
14, 2018, the proof-of-concept PK study, demonstrated rapid drug absorption through the nasal mucosa and similar bioavailability to that of an intramuscular injection of EpiPen in nasal allergen challenged subjects.
In initial studies, the company's oral dosage formulations facilitated rapid drug absorption from the GI tract with higher bioavailability than has been reported for existing oral cannabinoid products.
Clinical Pharmacology will cover advances in drug absorption and disposition during drug development and the modeling and simulation tools and techniques for predicting and assessing systemic and tissue concentration-time profiles, which can provide a valuable resource to support decisions at various stages of the drug development process, regulatory interactions, and personalized treatment of patients.
Intranasal drug administration has been considered to treat neuropsychiatry disorder due to the advantages brought by the highly vascularized nasal epithelium, which gives extraordinary permeability of drugs, allows high molecular mass cutoff of approximately 1000 Da, and therefore results in rapid drug absorption with plasma drug profiles almost identical to those from intravenous injections [1].
Rather, the plasma concentration of an inhaled drug is the result of drug absorption from different areas of the lung and gastrointestinal tract, as well as systemic drug disposition kinetics.
A finite dose (for example, 2 mg/[cm.sup.2]-10 mg/[cm.sup.2] of a semisolid or a transdermal delivery system) of formulation is applied to the outer surface of the skin and drug absorption is measured by monitoring its rate of appearance in the receptor solution bathing the inner surface of the skin.
The drug absorption percentage (A%), absorption rate constant ([K.sub.a]) and drug apparent absorption coefficient ([P.sub.app]) were calculated according to various data, using the following formulas: