dualism


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

du·al·ism

 (do͞o′ə-lĭz′əm, dyo͞o′-)
n.
1. The condition of being double; duality.
2. Philosophy The view that the world consists of or is explicable as two fundamental entities, such as mind and matter.
3. Psychology The view that mental and physical properties are fundamentally different and that neither can be explained fully in terms of the other.
4. Theology
a. The concept that the world is ruled by the antagonistic forces of good and evil.
b. The concept that humans have two basic natures, the physical and the spiritual.

du′al·ist n.
du′al·is′tic adj.
du′al·is′ti·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

dualism

(ˈdjuːəˌlɪzəm)
n
1. the state of being twofold or double
2. (Philosophy) philosophy the doctrine, as opposed to idealism and materialism, that reality consists of two basic types of substance usually taken to be mind and matter or two basic types of entity, mental and physical. Compare monism
3. (Theology)
a. the theory that the universe has been ruled from its origins by two conflicting powers, one good and one evil, both existing as equally ultimate first causes
b. the theory that there are two personalities, one human and one divine, in Christ
ˈdualist n
ˌdualˈistic adj
ˌdualˈistically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

du•al•ism

(ˈdu əˌlɪz əm, ˈdyu-)

n.
1. the state of being dual or consisting of two parts; division into two.
2.
a. (in metaphysics) any of various theories holding that reality is composed of two mutually irreducible substances. Compare monism (def. 1a), pluralism (def. 1a).
b. (in epistemology) the view that substances are either material or mental.
3.
a. the theological doctrine that there are two eternal principles, one good and one evil.
b. the belief that humans embody two parts, as body and soul.
[1785–95]
du′al•ist, n., adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

dualism

1. any theory in any field of philosophical investigation that reduces the variety of its subject matter to two irreducible principles, as good/evil or natural/supernatural.
2. Metaphysics. any system that reduces the whole universe to two principles, as the Platonic Ideas and Matter. Cf. monism, pluralism.dualist, n.dualistic, adj.
See also: Philosophy
Theology. 1. the doctrine of two independent divine beings or eternal principles, one good and the other evil.
2. the belief that man embodies two parts, as body or soul. — dualist, n. — dualistic, adj.
See also: Religion
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

dualism

Any theory which distinguishes between two fundamentally different things, such as good and evil, mind and matter, etc.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dualism - the doctrine that reality consists of two basic opposing elements, often taken to be mind and matter (or mind and body), or good and evil
doctrine, ism, philosophical system, philosophy, school of thought - a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
dualizam

dualism

[ˈdjʊəlɪzəm] Ndualismo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

dualism

nDualismus m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

dualism

[ˈdjuːəlɪzəm] ndualismo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in classic literature ?
It changed after the publication of his "Psychology," in consequence of his abandoning the dualism of thought and things.
The difference between James's scheme and other schemes involving the same terms is that James considers subject and object to be the same thing, but at different times In order to satisfy this requirement James supposes a realm of existence which he at first called 'states of consciousness' or 'thoughts,' and later, 'pure experience,' the latter term including both the 'thoughts' and the 'knowing.' This scheme, with all its magnificent artificiality, James held on to until the end, simply dropping the term consciousness and the dualism between the thought and an external reality"(p.
Dunlap's view is that there is a dualism of subject and object, but that the subject can never become object, and therefore there is no awareness of an awareness.
He suggests that it was a mere inconsistency on James's part to adhere to introspection after abandoning the dualism of thoughts and things.
It supposes dualism and not unity in nature and consciousness.
This strange dualism he had developed was after all very unstable, and, as he sat in his study and meditated, he saw that it could not endure.
Cloth, $90.00--In this clearly written and well-researched book, Zoller challenges "austere dualism," which she regards as a major misinterpretation of Plato's philosophy.
Summary: Chandigarh (Punjab) [India], Feb 20 (ANI): After the Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) demanded a privilege motion against Congress leader Navjot Singh Sidhu for his comments in the aftermath of the ghastly Pulwama terror attack, the Punjab Congress on Wednesday criticised it for playing "dualism".
There is a long tradition of dualism in Western thought and culture.
A major cause of jobless growth is economic dualism. Like most other developing economies, Pakistan is subject to double dualism.
Dualism is usually associated with the French philosopher Rene Descartes.