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A song, especially a Slavic folk song, that has alternating happy and sad passages.

[Slovak, Ukrainian folk song, from Ukrainian, diminutive of duma, thought, memory, narrative poem, of Germanic origin; see dhē- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


a piece of Slavonic music that typically has abrupt changes in mood from sadness to joya Slavonic lyrical song(as modifier)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈdʊm kə)

n., pl. -ky (-kē).
a Slavic folk song that alternates in character between sadness and gaiety.
[1890–95; < Czech < Ukrainian dúmka, orig. diminutive of dúma a genre of narrative folk poetry]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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According to Groves Dictionary, "The dumka was a song or lament (the word is cognate with the Czech dumat and Polish duma?, "to ponder," "to meditate"), usually sung by women." In Tchaikovsky's Dumka, a lyrical mournful narrative frames an extended, rhythmically interesting dance section.
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