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A song, especially a Slavic folk song, that has alternating happy and sad passages.

[Slovak, Ukrainian folk song, from Ukrainian, diminutive of duma, thought, memory, narrative poem, of Germanic origin; see dhē- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


a piece of Slavonic music that typically has abrupt changes in mood from sadness to joya Slavonic lyrical song(as modifier)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈdʊm kə)

n., pl. -ky (-kē).
a Slavic folk song that alternates in character between sadness and gaiety.
[1890–95; < Czech < Ukrainian dúmka, orig. diminutive of dúma a genre of narrative folk poetry]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Partly under the influence of the prominent political and literary figure Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, whose career spanned the western hemisphere from Poland to America, and who was interested in Ukraine, even explaining to the uninitiated public the significance of the Ukrainian term duma (meditation) for certain historical songs, Zaleski composed a number of "dumas" (plural is dumy in Ukrainian) or "dumkas" (plural is dumki in Polish) on various Ukrainian historical themes, one of which was devoted to Mazepa.
The Dumkas can serve as a small example of the difference in conception between the two sets.
58 in a version for soloists, choir and piano, the piano trio Dumkas op.
The Dumkas with their mood contrasts emerge on this CD almost as symphonic poems, while the Piano Trio in F minor approaches a real symphony not only in terms of proportion, but above all in overall conception and sound.
The technical and musical difficulty of Chopin concerts and Prokofiev sonatas has prepared me so well that I don't have any problems with Dvorak's Dumkas or Smetana's piano trio.