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du•ty(ˈdu ti, ˈdyu-)
n., pl. -ties.
If you say that someone has an obligation to do something or a duty to do something, you mean that they ought to do it, because it is their responsibility. When obligation and duty are used like this, they have the same meaning.
Your duties are the things that you do as part of your job.
Don't refer to the things that you do as part of your job as 'obligations'.
|Noun||1.||duty - the social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force; "we must instill a sense of duty in our children"; "every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every possession, a duty"- John D.Rockefeller Jr|
job - the responsibility to do something; "it is their job to print the truth"
safekeeping, guardianship, keeping - the responsibility of a guardian or keeper; "he left his car in my keeping"
social control - control exerted (actively or passively) by group action
moral obligation - an obligation arising out of considerations of right and wrong; "he did it out of a feeling of moral obligation"
noblesse oblige - the obligation of those of high rank to be honorable and generous (often used ironically)
burden of proof - the duty of proving a disputed charge
filial duty - duty of a child to its parents
imperative - some duty that is essential and urgent
incumbency - a duty that is incumbent upon you
legal duty - acts which the law requires be done or forborne
line of duty - all that is normally required in some area of responsibility
white man's burden - the supposed responsibility of the white race to provide care for their non-white subjects
prerequisite, requirement - something that is required in advance; "Latin was a prerequisite for admission"
|2.||duty - work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons; "the duties of the job"|
work - activity directed toward making or doing something; "she checked several points needing further work"
chore, job, task - a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee; "estimates of the city's loss on that job ranged as high as a million dollars"; "the job of repairing the engine took several hours"; "the endless task of classifying the samples"; "the farmer's morning chores"
role, function, office, part - the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group; "the function of a teacher"; "the government must do its part"; "play its role"
|3.||duty - a government tax on imports or exports; "they signed a treaty to lower duties on trade between their countries"|
indirect tax - a tax levied on goods or services rather than on persons or organizations
tonnage, tonnage duty, tunnage - a tax imposed on ships that enter the US; based on the tonnage of the ship
octroi - a tax on various goods brought into a town
revenue tariff - a tariff imposed to raise revenue
protective tariff - a tariff imposed to protect domestic firms from import competition
import duty - a duty imposed on imports
export duty - a duty imposed on exports
countervailing duty - a duty imposed to offset subsidies by foreign governments
"Our duty is to be useful, not according to our desires but according to our powers" [Henri Frédéric Amiel Journal]
"Without duty, life is soft and boneless; it cannot hold itself together" [Joseph Joubert Pensées]
"When a stupid man is doing something that he is ashamed of, he always declares that it is his duty" [George Bernard Shaw Caesar and Cleopatra]
"Do your duty, and leave the outcome to the Gods" [Pierre Corneille Horace]
"England expects that every man will do his duty" [Horatio Nelson speech at the Battle of Trafalgar]
"Duty, honour! We make these words say whatever we want, the same as we do with parrots" [Alfred Capus Mariage Bourgeois]
it is my duty to inform you that → es mi deber or obligación informarles de que ...
I feel it to be my duty → creo que es mi deber
it was his duty to tell the police → su deber era decírselo a la policía
I am duty bound to say that → es mi deber decir que ...
to do one's duty (by sb) → cumplir con su deber (hacia algn, para con algn)
to fail in one's duty → faltar a su deber
to make it one's duty to do sth → encargarse de hacer algo
it is no part of my duty to do this → no me corresponde a mí hacer esto
out of a sense of duty → por sentido del deber
my duties consist of → mis funciones or responsabilidades son ...
to do duty as → servir de
to do duty for → servir en lugar de
to neglect one's duties → faltar a sus responsabilidades
to be off duty (gen) → estar libre
an off duty policeman → un policía fuera de servicio
to be on duty (Med) [doctor, nurse, sentry] → estar de guardia; [policeman] → estar de servicio (Admin, Scol) → estar de turno
to go on duty → entrar de servicio
to take up one's duties → entrar en funciones
My duty is to look after the animals → Mon devoir est de veiller sur les animaux.
to be sb's duty → être le devoir de qn
it is my duty to do sth → il est de mon devoir de faire qch
It was his duty to tell the police → C'était son devoir de prévenir la police.
to make it one's duty to do sth → se faire un devoir de faire qch
to be on duty [policeman, nurse] (= be working) → être de service, être de garde (= be on night shift) → être de garde
to be off duty → libre, ne pas être de service, ne pas être de garde
to put sb on duty → nommer qn de garde
to do one's duty (by sb) → fare il proprio dovere (verso qn)
to make it one's duty to do sth → assumersi l'obbligo di fare qc
on duty (Med) (in hospital) → di guardia (Mil) → di servizio (Admin, Scol) → di turno
off duty (gen) → fuori servizio (Mil) → in libera uscita
duty rota → piano dei turni di lavoro