Women presenting with endometriosis of the bowel are typically of reproductive age and commonly report symptoms of dysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain, dyspareunia, and dyschezia
. Some women also experience catamenial diarrhea, constipation, hematochezia, and bloating.
On systemic review, abdominal pain, gastroesophageal reflux disease, dyschezia
and constipation were reported.
The pain accompanies periods (dysmenorrhea), sexual intercourses (dyspareunia), defecation (dyschezia
), and urination (dysuria) .
The most important symptoms of endometriosis are back pain, infertility, dyspareunia, dysmenorrheal, dyschezia
and pelvic pain (4).
A 20-year-old, female, mixed-breed cat, that was negative for antibodies of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and for antigens of feline leukemia virus (FeLV) at the SNAP FIV/FeLV Combo (Idexx Laboratories), had a three-month history of weight loss and right hind limb (RHL) paralysis, which evolved to a left hind limb (LHL) incoordination, urinary incontinence, dyschezia
and constipation at the last 30 days.
A five years old crossbred Holstein Friesian cow was presented with signs of anorexia, dyschezia
, excretion of blackish soft faeces, dullness, lack of rumination, reduced rumen motility, marginally elevated rectal temperature (39.2[degrees]C), congested mucous membrane, tachycardia, mild dehydration and reduction in milk yield since last three days.
Bowel endometriosis can be asymptomatic but often involves severe dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, and a spectrum of bowel symptoms such as dyschezia
, diarrhea, constipation, bloating, and rectal bleeding.
A review of systems was negative for pruritus, pain, dysuria, dyschezia
, constipation, and vaginal discharge.
The common disease symptoms include dysmenorrhoea, dysuria, dyschezia
, dyspareunia and infertility.
Symptoms, in general, include crampy abdominal pain, dyschezia
, tenesmus, meteorism, constipation, melena, diarrhea, vomiting, hematochezia, pain on defecation, and after meals.
Three patients had dyschezia
or frequent constipation after the surgery.
Intestinal endometriosis can cause severe symptoms such as diarrhea, dyschezia
, bowel cramping, and pain on defecation, which can negatively affect the quality of life and may progress notwithstanding medical therapy [6, 7].