A common way of addressing taboos is through euphemism and dysphemism
. Euphemism is defined in terms of politeness as "sweet talking" (Allan and Burridge 2006, 1) or "the process whereby the taboo is stripped of its most explicit or obscene overtones" (Crespo-Fernandez 2015, 2).
Scholars of philology, philosophy, communication, and other disciplines adopt cognitive frameworks to reconsider taboo-related phenomena such as taboo concepts and words, euphemisms, dysphemism
, insults, or political correctness.
Perhaps, the sensitivity of communicators to indirect expressions in diverse eco-social domains has influenced Radulovic (2012) to classify roundabout expressions into orthophemism and dysphemism
. Such categorization has to do with the conveying meaning from a source to another in an implicit form or shape either as a positive resemblance or negative marker.
Burridge (1991) Euphemism and Dysphemism
: Language Used as Shield and Weapon.
Euphemism and Dysphemism
. Language Used as Shield and Weapon.
Considering that and bearing in mind that erotic stories are a common euphemistic and dysphemistic ground, it is the aim of this paper to explore euphemism, dysphemism
and x-phemism in a corpus which consists of the three books of the mentioned trilogy so as to observe if their usage depends on sexes and how these phenomena merge with metaphorical or metonymical devices to avoid a possible loss of face or highlight a taboo.
Seth 10 Oklahoma!; 9 value; no of trinket A8 Dysphemism
; 7 Aloud; Girls 6 Severn; The 5 Shy; 4 Fry; Stephen 3 Turkey; 2 Union; Rugby 1 ANSWERS:
Finally, light is shed on the ways in which discerning medieval literary critics anticipated significant modern sociolinguistic observations: the relations between euphemism, orthophemism, and dysphemism
, in addition to the incessant process of euphemism degradation.
Even celebrity chefs have become critics, with perhaps the prime example being Jamie Oliver, who once poured ammonia on beef trimmings in order to illustrate--in, I might add, a rather erroneous way--the production of Finely Textured Lean Beef, which is commonly known under its dysphemism
, "Pink Slime" ("Jamie Oliver's Food Revolution: Pink Slime," 2011).
In this process, an initially neutral term (an orthophemism) gradually takes on negative connotations through its use as an insult and thereby becomes a malicious term (a dysphemism
For example, a tendency for dysphemism
is found markedly at work in Daisy Miller, which signifies the replacement of an easygoing and gratifying expression for an insensitive one such as 'grave' for crucial, 'unprotected' for daring, 'uncultivated' for ingenuous, 'spindle shanks' for knees, 'vivacious' for attractive, and 'coquette' for bold and frank, etc.
Euphemism and Dysphemism
, Language Used as Shield and Weapon.