dysphemism

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Related to dysphemisms: dysphemistic

dysphemism

(ˈdɪsfɪˌmɪzəm)
n
1. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) substitution of a derogatory or offensive word or phrase for an innocuous one
2. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) the word or phrase so substituted
[C19: dys- + euphemism]
ˌdyspheˈmistic adj

dys•phe•mism

(ˈdɪs fəˌmɪz əm)

n.
1. the substitution of a harsh, disparaging, or unpleasant expression for a more neutral one.
2. an expression so substituted.
[1880–85; dys- + (eu) phemism]
dys`phe•mis′tic, adj.

dysphemism

1. a deliberate substitution of a disagreeable, offensive, or disparaging word for an otherwise inoffensive term, as pig for policeman.
2. an instance of such substitution. Cf. euphemism.
See also: Language
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dysphemism - an offensive or disparaging expression that is substituted for an inoffensive one; "his favorite dysphemism was to ask for axle grease when he wanted butter"
jalopy, heap, bus - a car that is old and unreliable; "the fenders had fallen off that old bus"
locution, saying, expression - a word or phrase that particular people use in particular situations; "pardon the expression"
old man - an informal term for your father
euphemism - an inoffensive or indirect expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive or too harsh
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
In others, evaluation is secondary or derived via some associative mechanism, for example metaphor, euphemisms, dysphemisms, stylistically marked synonym or is marked via morphological means.
1998): A semi-bilingual dictionary of euphemisms and dysphemisms in English erotica.
Unlike dysphemisms, both orthophemisms and euphemisms are considered polite.
The use of particular lexical items to refer to non-Jews introduces another semantic area where we find both euphemisms and dysphemisms.
Some of the examples reveal how newspapers frame issues by propelling to the foreground dysphemisms such as "rioting mobs" attacking police, while relegating to the background the cause of the alleged riots, the shooting by police of a black woman.
For the Modern English period we have consulted the entries in Collins COBUILD English dictionary, Longman dictionary of contemporary English, The new Penguin English dictionary and Semi-bilingual dictionary of euphemisms and dysphemisms in English erotica, but most of our assumptions are based on the information provided by the Oxford English dictionary (hereafter, OED).
3) The word might be slightly self-mocking, but those other terms are outright dysphemisms.
In contrast, CCGLA members report that they rarely hear these terms spoken as dysphemisms within the campus community.
We use euphemisms to create a favorable image and dysphemisms when do the opposite.
4) In this regard, as metaphor stands out as a major device in structuring sexual euphemism and dysphemism conceptually, the main concern of this paper is to demonstrate that sex-related euphemisms and dysphemisms are based on underlying metaphor systems within the framework of Conceptual Metaphor Theory (henceforth CMT) initiated by Lakoff and Johnson (1980).
His research interests focus on the semantic and pragmatic dimensions of euphemism and dysphemism in the areas of immigration, sex and death, which he has approached through Cognitive Semantics and Discourse Analysis.