Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


A mood disorder characterized by depressive symptoms that persist for two or more years, sometimes subsiding for short periods of time. Also called persistent depressive disorder.

[New Latin dysthȳmia, from Greek dusthūmiā, despondency : dus-, dys- + -thūmiā, -thymia.]

dys·thy′mic adj.


1. (Psychiatry) the characteristics of the neurotic and introverted, including anxiety, depression, and compulsive behaviour
2. (Psychiatry) obsolete a relatively mild depression
[C19: New Latin, from Greek dusthumia, from dys- + thumos mind]
dysˈthymic adj


extreme anxiety and depression accompanied by obsession. — dysthymic, adj.
See also: Psychology
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dysthymia - mild chronic depression; "I thought she had just been in a bad mood for thirty years, but the doctor called it dysthymia"
clinical depression, depressive disorder, depression - a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
References in periodicals archive ?
They found that African-American black women were at an increased risk for lifetime dysthymia, or chronic depression; alcohol dependence; drug abuse and poor perceived health if they were victims of partner abuse.
Jonathan Posner at Columbia University, New York, conducted functional MRIs to determine whether antidepressant medication normalizes default mode network connectivity in adults with dysthymia.
The number and severity of these symptoms may or may not warrant a DSM diagnosis of dysthymia or major depressive disorder.
To reach their conclusions, researchers scoured published studies on MDD, or clinical depression, and dysthymia, which is a milder form of depression.
The researchers used data on the prevalence, incidence, remission rates and duration of depression and dysthymia (a milder, chronic form of depression that lasts for at least two years), and on the excess deaths caused by these disorders from published articles.
All participants also carried a diagnosis of major depression, depression NOS (not otherwise specified), or dysthymia for which they were taking a stable dose of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) or serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI).
To arrive at the estimates, the authors of the study, led by Alize Ferrari from the University of Queensland and the Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research, compiled relevant information from all published research studies on major depressive disorder (MDD, also called clinical depression), and dysthymia, a milder chronic form of depression.
The syndromes include depression, mania, dysthymia and combinations of these.
I looked up my symptoms and I think I could be at high risk of dysthymia, a kind of long-drawn-out depression.
I looked up my symptoms and I could be at high risk of dysthymia, a kind of long, drawn-out depression.