(redirected from dysthymic)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.


A mood disorder characterized by depressive symptoms that persist for two or more years, sometimes subsiding for short periods of time. Also called persistent depressive disorder.

[New Latin dysthȳmia, from Greek dusthūmiā, despondency : dus-, dys- + -thūmiā, -thymia.]

dys·thy′mic adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Psychiatry) the characteristics of the neurotic and introverted, including anxiety, depression, and compulsive behaviour
2. (Psychiatry) obsolete a relatively mild depression
[C19: New Latin, from Greek dusthumia, from dys- + thumos mind]
dysˈthymic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


extreme anxiety and depression accompanied by obsession. — dysthymic, adj.
See also: Psychology
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dysthymia - mild chronic depression; "I thought she had just been in a bad mood for thirty years, but the doctor called it dysthymia"
clinical depression, depressive disorder, depression - a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The "rage and rejection" group usually divorced the cross-dressing partner, while the dysthymic group demonstrated passive resignation, apathy and various psychological and somatic symptoms.
The NIMH epidemiological catchment area survey estimated that about 5% of community-dwelling elderly persons (aged over 65 years) were diagnosed as depressed or dysthymic using the DSM-III criteria [47].
Frances adds that DSM-IV developers will study closely the reliability of a number of diagnoses, such as generalized anxiety disorder, dysthymic disorder (mild depression) and some of the personality disorders.
Affective and motivational functions: the patient's disposition is dysthymic with a severe reduction in the intensity of affective expression.
Depression is divided into three categories: major, dysthymic disorder, and minor.
In spite of this evidence, there are no studies aimed at addressing how these additional prominent psychological variables may predict the response and attendance to treatment among dysthymic patients.
To confirm their self-reported diagnosis, the questionnaire included questions to establish whether a respondent met the DSM-IV-TR-criteria for Dysthymic Disorder, the mildest form of depression.
The study inclusion criteria were age between 18 and 60 years, voluntary participation, being literate, and having been diagnosed with major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder or depressive disorder not defined otherwise during an interview based on Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV axis I disorders (SCID-I).
There is no evidence to date to guide these assessments in chronically depressed or dysthymic patients; therefore additional safeguards may be needed (Table).
Too often a dysthymic or clinically depressed adolescent girl is dismissed as being moody by her family, or her anxiety is labeled as teen angst.
Other forms of depression, particularly dysthymic disorder, were included in DSM III in order to provide a diagnostic template for various forms of depression which did not meet the precise definition for major depressive disorder.
The types of depression include major depressive disorders, dysthymic disorders, bipolar disorders, cyclothymic disorders, mood disorders, substance- induced mood disorders, seasonal affective dis- orders, postpartum disorders and premenstrual dysphoric disorders.