Depression is divided into three categories: major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder
, and minor depressive disorder.
(27,28) Additional diagnostic information on adolescent mental disorders (ie, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, major depressive disorder, and dysthymic disorder
) was collected from biological mothers in the SAQ, because previous studies found that collecting information from parents on those disorders to be of additional diagnostic value.
Two studies suggest that saffron has positive effects in postpartum depression (44) and depression associated with PMS108, and further investigation of saffron's effectiveness for other types of depression such as bipolar depression, melancholic depression and dysthymic disorder
should be further investigated.
(1997) Men Women Axis 1 48% 28% Mood disorders 20% 20% Major depressive disorder Dysthymic disorder
Anxiety 28% 10% Panic disorder Specific phobia Social phobia Generalized anxiety disorder Substance abuse disorder 14% 4% Alcohol use Drug abuse Feldman & Meyer (2010) Gay and Lesbian and bisexual bisexual men women Axis 1 Mood disorders Major depressive disorder 17% 37% Dysthymic disorder
3% 5% Anxiety 43% 53% Panic disorder 3% 5% Specific phobia 27% 32% Social phobia 20% 21% Generalized anxiety disorder 10% 5% Substance abuse disorder Alcohol use 13% 0% Drug abuse 17% 11% Grilo et al.
The prevalence rate of dysthymic disorder
, panic disorder, specific phobia, social phobia, and posttraumatic stress disorder in the study groups were similar.
The age of onset distribution of mood disorders (major depression, dysthymic disorder
, and bipolar disorder) is 29-43 years old, reported by the World Health Organization's (WHO) World Mental Health (WMH) .
Three disorders were associated with a significantly lower rate of BPD: adjustment disorder, dysthymic disorder
, and generalized anxiety disorder.
Diagnoses were categorized according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition : (1) depressive disorders (depression disorder, dysthymic disorder
, and other psychological disorders), (2) anxiety disorders (anxiety disorder and social phobia), (3) obsessive compulsive disorder, (4) trauma and stress (adjustment disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder), (5) neurodevelopmental disorders (ADHD, behavior disorder, and Tourette's syndrome), (6) bipolar disorders, (7) feeding and eating disorders (eating disorder and pica), and (8) schizophrenia (schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders).
Patients were diagnosed with dysthymic disorder
(chronic, mild depression), currently replaced by persistent depressive disorder .
An individual suffering from dysthymic disorder
has fewer or less severe symptoms than major depressive disorder but experiences depressive symptoms more consistently and for longer periods of time.
The statistics about depression clearly identify it as a major public health problem as about 6% of the population meets the criterion for major depressive or dysthymic disorder
at any time3.
Q My sister, who is 52 years old, has been diagnosed with a condition called dysthymic disorder
and is seeing a psychiatrist.