dystonia


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dys·to·ni·a

 (dĭs-tō′nē-ə)
n.
Abnormal tonicity of muscle, characterized by prolonged, repetitive muscle contractions that may cause twisting or jerking movements of the body or a body part.

dys·ton′ic (-tŏn′ĭk) adj.

dystonia

(dɪsˈtəʊnɪə)
n
(Pathology) a neurological disorder, caused by disease of the basal ganglia, in which the muscles of the trunk, shoulders, and neck go into spasm, so that the head and limbs are held in unnatural positions
[from dys- + -tonia from Greek tonos tension, from teinen to stretch]

dys•to•ni•a

(dɪsˈtoʊ ni ə)

n.
a neurological disorder marked by strong involuntary muscle spasms that cause painful and disabling twisting of the body.
[1955–60]
dys•ton•ic (-ˈtɒn ɪk) adj.
Translations
dystonie

dys·to·ni·a

n. distonía, tonicidad alterada, esp. muscular.
References in periodicals archive ?
Phase 3 Trial for Treatment of Cervical Dystonia - Expects to Initiate Trial in Second Quarter of 2018
It now plans to proceed to a phase three programme in cervical dystonia based on the phase two safety and efficacy results, along with guidance from the US FDA and the EMA.
This was consistent with dystonia, a movement disorder characterized by sustained or intermittent muscle contractions causing abnormal movements and/or postures--often initiated or worsened by voluntary action.
They have hyper excitability, using some music instrument lead to brain changes which leads to dystonia.
His part posteroventral sensorimotor, target of Leksell and Laitinen, was recognized as the optimal target lesion surgery (pallidotomy) in the treatment of Parkinson's disease and dystonia syndromes.
The physiological effect of lesioning or deep brain stimulation (DBS) on these nuclei is still unknown, but the most likely explanation is that the damping effect of PD is alleviated by high-frequency stimulation of the STN, while the inverse happens in dystonia, where stimulation of the globus pallidus interna (GPi) dampens the abnormal tone and movements.
Dystonia is the third most common movement disorder and is characterized by sustained or intermittent muscle contractions causing twisting or repetitive movements and postural abnormalities.
Dystonia typically begins in one limb, leg or arm and subsequently become generalized.
The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Dystonia
Se tuvo muy en cuenta para la evaluacion de los resultados dos escalas de analisis clinico: Burke-Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale (BFMDRS) (tabla 1) y Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale (TWSTRS) (tabla 2).
Spasmodic dysphonia (SD) is a laryngeal dystonia that occurs when speaking.
Up to now, more than 20 loci (from DYT1 to DYT25) have been identified to be the causative loci of primary dystonia [4] after the first identified TOR1A (DYT1) gene linked to early-onset primary dystonia [5,6].