dystonia


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dys·to·ni·a

 (dĭs-tō′nē-ə)
n.
Abnormal tonicity of muscle, characterized by prolonged, repetitive muscle contractions that may cause twisting or jerking movements of the body or a body part.

dys·ton′ic (-tŏn′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

dystonia

(dɪsˈtəʊnɪə)
n
(Pathology) a neurological disorder, caused by disease of the basal ganglia, in which the muscles of the trunk, shoulders, and neck go into spasm, so that the head and limbs are held in unnatural positions
[from dys- + -tonia from Greek tonos tension, from teinen to stretch]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

dys•to•ni•a

(dɪsˈtoʊ ni ə)

n.
a neurological disorder marked by strong involuntary muscle spasms that cause painful and disabling twisting of the body.
[1955–60]
dys•ton•ic (-ˈtɒn ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations
dystonie

dys·to·ni·a

n. distonía, tonicidad alterada, esp. muscular.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The brave dad has now shared his story to highlight Dystonia Awareness Month.
Dystonia can be caused by inherited genetic problems, cerebral palsy or other brain injuries.
BEB is a focal dystonia that causes the eyelids to involuntarily close as a result of two-sided contraction of the orbicularis oculi muscle (2).
Spasmodic Dysphonia (SD), also known as Laryngeal Dystonia, is a neurological disorder that affects the vocal cords.
His was a mild version of DYT1 dystonia, and injections of Botox in his knee helped.
- Newark, California-based botulinum toxin products developer Revance Therapeutics, Inc.(NASDAQ: RVNC) has initiated patient dosing in the ASPEN phase 3 clinical program for its investigational drug candidate DaxibotulinumtoxinA for Injection (RT002) for the treatment of cervical dystonia, a movement disorder of the neck, the company said.
(2,3) Currently the role of genetics in MFD is in its infancy as current research on musicians with a family history of dystonia is limited.
Conclusion: Eight weeks of task-specific training improved upper limb function in post-stroke focal dystonia patients.
Dystonia is rarely psychogenic, but this etiology is suggested when clinical characteristics are inconsistent and incongruous with a classical disorder.
Idiopathic (primary) cervical dystonia (CD) is a coercive undesirable pathology characterized by involuntary sustained or intermittent contractions of the muscles of the neck causing twisting movements and abnormal head and neck postures (1-3).