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 (dĭs′trə-fē) also dys·tro·phi·a (dĭ-strō′fē-ə)
1. Any of various unrelated, noninfectious, often genetic disorders characterized by progressive deterioration or structural alteration of a body part.
2. A degenerative disorder caused by inadequate or defective nutrition. No longer in scientific use.
3. Ecology The condition of being dystrophic.


(ˈdɪstrəfɪ) or


1. (Pathology) any of various bodily disorders, characterized by wasting of tissues. See also muscular dystrophy
2. (Environmental Science) ecology a condition of lake water when it is too acidic and poor in oxygen to support life, resulting from excessive humus content
[C19: New Latin dystrophia, from dys- + Greek trophē food]
dystrophic adj


(ˈdɪs trə fi)

also dys•tro•phi•a

(dɪˈstroʊ fi ə)

1. faulty or inadequate nutrition or development.
2. any of a number of disorders characterized by weakening, degeneration, or abnormal development of muscle.
[1885–90; dys- + -trophy]

dystrophy, dystrophia

any of various diseases characterized by weakening or defective function of the process of nutrition, resulting in degeneration of the muscles. See also food and nutrition. — dystrophic, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness
poor or inadequate nutrition or growth. See also disease and illness.
See also: Food and Nutrition
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dystrophy - any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
Becker muscular dystrophy - a form of muscular dystrophy that sets in in adolescence or adulthood and progresses slowly but will affect all voluntary muscles; characterized by generalized weakness and muscle wasting that affects limb and trunk muscles first; similar to Duchenne's muscular dystrophy but less severe; inheritance is X-linked recessive (carried by females but affecting only males)
distal muscular dystrophy - a form of muscular dystrophy that sets in between 40 and 60 years of age and is characterized by weakness and wasting of the muscles of the hands and forearms and lower legs; inheritance is autosomal dominant
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, pseudohypertrophic dystrophy - the most common form of muscular dystrophy; inheritance is X-linked recessive (carried by females but affecting only males)
limb-girdle muscular dystrophy - an autosomal recessive form of muscular dystrophy that appears anywhere from late childhood to middle age; characterized by progressive muscular weakness beginning either in the shoulder or pelvic girdle; usually progresses slowly with cardiopulmonary complications in the later stages
myotonia atrophica, myotonic dystrophy, myotonic muscular dystrophy, Steinert's disease - a severe form of muscular dystrophy marked by generalized weakness and muscular wasting that affects the face and feet and hands and neck; difficult speech and difficulty with the hands that spreads to the arms and shoulders and legs and hips; the onset can be any time from birth to middle age and the progression is slow; inheritance is autosomal dominant
oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy - a form of muscular dystrophy that usually begins between early adulthood and middle age and first affects muscles of the eyelid and throat; progresses slowly with swallowing problems common as the disease progresses; inheritance is autosomal dominant
2.dystrophy - any degenerative disorder resulting from inadequate or faulty nutrition
degenerative disorder - condition leading to progressive loss of function
osteodystrophy - defective bone development; usually attributable to renal disease or to disturbances in calcium and phosphorus metabolism


nDystrophie f, → Ernährungsstörung f


, dystrophia
n. distrofia.
1. anomalía causada por desnutrición;
2. desarrollo defectuoso o de malformación.


n distrofia; reflex sympathetic — (ant) síndrome m de dolor regional complejo, distrofia simpática refleja (ant)
References in periodicals archive ?
As muscular dystrophies are complex and relatively uncommon disorders very little work has been done on them in Pakistan where none reported during the past over two decades.
Muscle biopsy with proper immunohistochemistry (IHC) is the gold -standard to distinguish muscular dystrophies (deadly degenerative disorders).
Molecular and clinical correlations of deletions leading to Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies. Neurology 1989;39:465-74.
Muscular dystrophies are very rare, but an estimated 30,000 people in the UK are affected.
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common of the muscular dystrophies. It is a progressive, degenerative myopathy.
Muscular dystrophies are a group of genetic disorders characterised by a wasting and weakening of muscles.
While the strategy of transplanting muscle cells into people with muscular dystrophies or other muscle diseases makes sense in theory, it has not lived up to its promise.
Since 1986, scientists have identified genes that, when flawed, can cause myotonic, Duchenne, Becker, limb-girdle (some forms), congenital (one form) and Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophies. Approximate gene locations have been identified for several other forms of muscular dystrophy.
Objective: To assess the frequency of corneal dystrophies on the basis of histopathology in surgically-removed corneas.
24 August 2011 - Swiss specialty pharmaceutical company Santhera Pharmaceuticals (VTX:SANN) said today that the US Patent and Trademark Office has granted patent protection for the use of idebenone (brand name Catena) in the treatment of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy and other muscular dystrophies.
All the muscular dystrophies are caused by faults in genes (the units of inheritance that parents pass on to their children) and they cause progressive muscle weakness because muscle cells break down and are gradually lost.
The editors have brought together various molecular methods for the clinical analysis of many of the muscular dystrophies. After a well-written background section, a major portion of the book deals with the molecular approach to X-linked DMD, the most frequent muscular dystrophy among children, with an incidence of ~1 in 3500 newborn males.

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