dystrophy


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dys·tro·phy

 (dĭs′trə-fē) also dys·tro·phi·a (dĭ-strō′fē-ə)
n.
1. Any of various unrelated, noninfectious, often genetic disorders characterized by progressive deterioration or structural alteration of a body part.
2. A degenerative disorder caused by inadequate or defective nutrition. No longer in scientific use.
3. Ecology The condition of being dystrophic.

dystrophy

(ˈdɪstrəfɪ) or

dystrophia

n
1. (Pathology) any of various bodily disorders, characterized by wasting of tissues. See also muscular dystrophy
2. (Environmental Science) ecology a condition of lake water when it is too acidic and poor in oxygen to support life, resulting from excessive humus content
[C19: New Latin dystrophia, from dys- + Greek trophē food]
dystrophic adj

dys•tro•phy

(ˈdɪs trə fi)

also dys•tro•phi•a

(dɪˈstroʊ fi ə)

n.
1. faulty or inadequate nutrition or development.
2. any of a number of disorders characterized by weakening, degeneration, or abnormal development of muscle.
[1885–90; dys- + -trophy]

dystrophy, dystrophia

any of various diseases characterized by weakening or defective function of the process of nutrition, resulting in degeneration of the muscles. See also food and nutrition. — dystrophic, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness
poor or inadequate nutrition or growth. See also disease and illness.
See also: Food and Nutrition
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dystrophy - any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
Becker muscular dystrophy - a form of muscular dystrophy that sets in in adolescence or adulthood and progresses slowly but will affect all voluntary muscles; characterized by generalized weakness and muscle wasting that affects limb and trunk muscles first; similar to Duchenne's muscular dystrophy but less severe; inheritance is X-linked recessive (carried by females but affecting only males)
distal muscular dystrophy - a form of muscular dystrophy that sets in between 40 and 60 years of age and is characterized by weakness and wasting of the muscles of the hands and forearms and lower legs; inheritance is autosomal dominant
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, pseudohypertrophic dystrophy - the most common form of muscular dystrophy; inheritance is X-linked recessive (carried by females but affecting only males)
limb-girdle muscular dystrophy - an autosomal recessive form of muscular dystrophy that appears anywhere from late childhood to middle age; characterized by progressive muscular weakness beginning either in the shoulder or pelvic girdle; usually progresses slowly with cardiopulmonary complications in the later stages
myotonia atrophica, myotonic dystrophy, myotonic muscular dystrophy, Steinert's disease - a severe form of muscular dystrophy marked by generalized weakness and muscular wasting that affects the face and feet and hands and neck; difficult speech and difficulty with the hands that spreads to the arms and shoulders and legs and hips; the onset can be any time from birth to middle age and the progression is slow; inheritance is autosomal dominant
oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy - a form of muscular dystrophy that usually begins between early adulthood and middle age and first affects muscles of the eyelid and throat; progresses slowly with swallowing problems common as the disease progresses; inheritance is autosomal dominant
2.dystrophy - any degenerative disorder resulting from inadequate or faulty nutrition
degenerative disorder - condition leading to progressive loss of function
osteodystrophy - defective bone development; usually attributable to renal disease or to disturbances in calcium and phosphorus metabolism
Translations
dystrophie

dystrophy

nDystrophie f, → Ernährungsstörung f

dys·tro·phy

, dystrophia
n. distrofia.
1. anomalía causada por desnutrición;
2. desarrollo defectuoso o de malformación.

dystrophy

n distrofia; reflex sympathetic — (ant) síndrome m de dolor regional complejo, distrofia simpática refleja (ant)
References in periodicals archive ?
M2 PHARMA-June 20, 2019-Dyne Therapeutics Supports END-DM1 Natural History Study of Patients with Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1
OTTAWA, Canada, January 31, 2019 -- Researchers here have discovered a new way to treat the loss of muscle function caused by Duchenne muscular dystrophy in animal models of the disease.
REUTERS/Dylan Martinez CAIRO -- 9 December 2018: "A painful life awaiting the sweet relief of death," this is how Ahmed Agag, a member of the Egyptian Society of Muscular Dystrophy Patients and admin of the Facebook page 'Patients with muscular dystrophy ask for help,' described patients suffering from the dreadful disease to Egypt Today.
The youngster, whose brother Arryn, 19, has Duchenne muscular dystrophy, was presented with Muscular Dystrophy UK's national Saltire achievement award in Glasgow.
Wellstone Muscular Dystrophy Cooperative Research Center.
Keywords: MSCD=Macular Stromal Corneal Dystrophy, LSCD=Lattice Stromal Corneal Dystrophy, CSCD=Congenital Stromal Corneal Dystrophy, SSCD=Schnyder Stromal Corneal Dystrophy, LRBT =Layton Rahmatullah benevolent Trust, CD=Corneal Dystrophy.
TUESDAY, March 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Tamoxifen and raloxifene are associated with improvements in muscular dystrophy caused by mutations of the Fukutin-related protein (FKRP) gene in a mouse model, according to a study published in the April issue of The American Journal of Pathology.
The most common form worldwide is considered to be merosin-deficient muscle dystrophy type 1A, called MDC1A (due to laminin-[alpha]2 defects), accounting for 30-40% of total cases of CMD, although in some geographical regions other forms are prevalent, such as Fukuyama CMD in Japan and muscle-eye-brain (MEB) disease in Finland.
15, 2017 -- Boys and young men in advanced stages of Duchenne muscular dystrophy experienced significant and sustained improvements in cardiac structure and function, as well as skeletal muscle function, following treatment with Capricor Therapeutics' (CAPR) lead investigational therapy (CAP-1002).
Posterior polar central choroidal dystrophy is a form of choroidal dystrophy characterized by loss of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choriocapillaris.