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every one of two or more persons or things: take two books each; every one individually: Each one had a different opinion on the matter.; apiece: The tickets are four dollars each.
Not to be confused with:
both – the two; not only one: both shows were canceled
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree


Being one of two or more considered individually; every: Each person cast a vote. My technique improved with each lesson.
Every one of a group considered individually; each one.
For or to each one; apiece: ten cents each.

[Middle English ech, from Old English ǣlc; see līk- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: In standard usage, the subject of a sentence beginning with each is grammatically singular, and so the verb and following pronouns must be singular: Each of the apartments has (not have) its (not their) own private entrance (not entrances). When each follows a plural subject, however, the verb and subsequent pronouns remain plural: The apartments each have their own private entrances (not has its own private entrance). When each follows the verb, it has been traditionally considered acceptable to say either The boys have each their own bike or The boys have each his own bike, though both of these (and especially the latter) are likely to seem stilted in comparison to The boys each have their own bike or The boys each have their own bikes. · The expression each and every is likewise followed by a singular verb and singular pronoun: Each and every driver knows (not know) what his or her (not their) job is to be. This expression is sometimes criticized as redundant, and so it is, but it emphasizes both the universality and individuality of the collection being discussed, much like every single one. See Usage Notes at every, they.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


a. every (one) of two or more considered individually: each day; each person.
b. (as pronoun): each gave according to his ability.
for, to, or from each one; apiece: four apples each.
[Old English ǣlc; related to Old High German ēogilīh, Old Frisian ellik, Dutch elk]
Usage: Each is a singular pronoun and should be used with a singular form of a verb: each of the candidates was (not were) interviewed separately
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



1. every one of two or more considered individually or one by one: each stone in a wall; a door at each end.
2. every one individually; each one: Each had a different solution to the problem.
3. to, from, or for each; apiece: They cost a dollar each.
[before 900; Middle English eche, Old English ælc=ā ever (see ay1) + (ge)līc alike; c. Old Frisian ellīk, Old High German ēogilīh]
usage: When the adjective each follows a plural subject, the verb agrees with the subject: The houses each have central heating. When the pronoun, a singular form, is followed by an of phrase containing a plural noun or pronoun, strict usage requires the singular verb: Each of the candidates has spoken on the issue. Yet plural verbs tend to occur frequently even in edited writing. Usage guides also advise that each must be referred to by a singular pronoun. Again, actual usage does not always conform. Singular pronouns do occur in the most formal speech and writing: Each club member had his own project. But the use of plural pronouns has been increasing in the U.S., partially to avoid a suggestion of sexism: Each club member had their own project. These same general patterns of pronoun agreement are followed in the use of anyone, anybody, everyone, everybody, no one, someone, and somebody. See also they.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. 'each'

You use each in front of the singular form of a countable noun to talk about every person or thing in a group. You use each rather than 'every' when you are thinking about the members of a group as individuals.

Each applicant has five choices.
They interviewed each candidate.
Each country is divided into several districts.
2. 'each of'

Instead of using 'each', you can sometimes use each of. For example, instead of saying 'Each soldier was given a new uniform', you can say 'Each of the soldiers was given a new uniform'. Each of is followed by a determiner and the plural form of a countable noun.

Each of these phrases has a different meaning.
They inspected each of her appliances carefully.

You also use each of in front of plural pronouns.

They were all just sitting there, each of them thinking private thoughts.
Each of these would be a big advance in its own right.

When you use each of in front of a plural noun or pronoun, you use a singular form of a verb after the noun or pronoun.

Each of these cases was carefully locked.
Each of us looks over the passenger lists.

Be Careful!
You never use each without of in front of a plural noun or pronoun. Don't say, for example, 'Each cases was carefully locked'.

Be Careful!
Don't use words such as 'almost', 'nearly', or 'not' in front of each. Don't say, for example, 'Almost each house in the street is for sale'. You say 'Almost every house in the street is for sale'.

They show great skills in nearly every aspect of school life.
Not every lecturer wants to do research.

Be Careful!
Don't use 'each' or 'each of' in a negative clause. Don't say, for example, 'Each boy did not enjoy football' or 'Each of the boys did not enjoy football'. You say 'None of the boys enjoyed football'.

None of them are actually African.
None of these suggestions is very helpful.
See none
3. referring back to 'each'

You usually use a singular pronoun such as he, she, him, or her to refer back to an expression containing each.

Each boy said what he thought had happened.

However, when you are referring back to an expression such as each person or each student which does not indicate a specific sex, you usually use a form of they.

Each resident has their own bathroom.
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.each - (used of count nouns) every one considered individually; "each person is mortal"; "each party is welcome"
all - quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate the whole number or amount of or every one of a class; "we sat up all night"; "ate all the food"; "all men are mortal"; "all parties are welcome"
Adv.1.each - to or from every one of two or more (considered individually)each - to or from every one of two or more (considered individually); "they received $10 each"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. every, every single Each book is beautifully illustrated.
1. every one, all, each one, each and every one, one and all Three doctors each had a different diagnosis.
1. apiece, individually, singly, for each, to each, respectively, per person, from each, per head, per capita The children were given one each.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
hverhver isærhvertalle
vienas kitąvienas kitam
herher birher biriher birineher birisi
mỗimỗi người


A. ADJcada
each daycada día
each house has its own gardentodas las casas tienen jardín
each one of themcada uno (de ellos)
each and every one of themtodos y cada uno de ellos
1.cada uno
each of uscada uno de nosotros, cada quien (LAm)
he gave each of us £10nos dio 10 libras a cada uno
a little of eachun poco de cada
2. each other: they looked at each otherse miraron (uno a otro)
they help each otherse ayudan mutuamente or entre ellos
people must help each otherhay que ayudarse (uno a otro)
they love each otherse quieren
we write to each othernos escribimos
they don't know each otherno se conocen
they were sorry for each otherse compadecían entre ellos
their houses are next to each othersus casas están una al lado de la otra or (LAm) juntas
C. ADV we gave them one apple eachles dimos una manzana por persona
they cost £5 eachcostaron 5 libras cada uno
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


Each house in our street has its own garden → Chaque maison dans notre rue a son propre jardin.
each year → chaque année
each day → chaque jour, tous les jours
each and every [person, case] → chaque
each and every human being → chaque être humain
each and every one of us → chacun(e) de nous, chacun(e) d'entre nous
They have 10 points each → Ils ont dix points chacun.
The girls each have their own bedroom → Les filles ont chacune leur chambre.
The plates cost £5 each → Les assiettes coûtent cinq livres chacune.
He handed each of them a photo → Il donna à chacun(e) d'entre eux une photo.(elles)
each of us → chacun(e) de nous, chacun(e) d'entre nous
Each of us is responsible for our actions → Chacun de nous est responsable de ses actes.
He gave each of us £10
BUT Il nous a donné dix livres à chacun.
each one → chacun(e)
each one of them → chacun(e) d'eux(elles), chacun(e) d'entre eux(elles)
each other (in reflexive verb)
They hate each other → Ils se détestent.
We wrote to each other → Nous nous sommes écrit.
They don't know each other → Ils ne se connaissent pas.
to be jealous of each other → être jaloux(e) l'un de l'autre
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


adjjede(r, s); each one of usjeder von uns; each and every one of usjeder Einzelne von uns; each and every boyjeder einzelne Junge (ohne Ausnahme)
jede(r, s); each of them gave their or his opinionsie sagten alle ihre Meinung, jeder (von ihnen) sagte seine Meinung; a little of each pleaseein bisschen von jedem, bitte; we each had our own ideas about itjeder von uns hatte seine eigene Vorstellung davon
each othersich, einander (geh); they haven’t seen each other for a long timesie haben sich or einander lange nicht gesehen; they wrote (to) each othersie haben sich (dat)or einander geschrieben; we visit each otherwir besuchen uns (gegenseitig), wir besuchen einander; they were sorry for each othersie bedauerten sich gegenseitig, sie bedauerten einander; the respect they have for each otherdie Achtung, die sie voreinander haben; the love they have for each otherdie Liebe, die sie füreinander empfinden; you must help each otherihr müsst einander helfen or euch gegenseitig helfen; on top of each otheraufeinander; next to each othernebeneinander; they went to each other’s housessie besuchten einander zu Hause
advje; we gave them one apple eachwir haben ihnen je einen Apfel gegeben; two classes of 20 pupils eachzwei Klassen mit je 20 Schülern; the books are £10 eachdie Bücher kosten je £ 10; carnations at one euro eachNelken zu einem Euro das Stück
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


1. adjogni inv, ciascuno/a
in each hand → in ciascuna mano
each day → ogni giorno
each one → ognuno/a
each one of them → ciascuno/a or ognuno/a di loro
2. pron
a.ognuno/a, ciascuno/a
each of us → ciascuno/a or ognuno/a di noi
a little of each please → un po' di tutto, per favore
b. each otherl'un(a) l'altro/a, si (or ci )
they love each other → si amano
we hate each other → ci odiamo
you know each other → vi conoscete
people must help each other → ci si deve aiutare a vicenda or l'un l'altro
separated from each other → separati l'uno dall'altro
next to each other → uno accanto all'altro
you are jealous of each other → siete gelosi l'uno dell'altro
3. advl'uno/a, per uno/a, ciascuno/a
we gave them an apple each → abbiamo dato una mela a ciascuno
they cost £5 each → costano 5 sterline l'uno
they have 2 books each → hanno 2 libri ciascuno
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(iːtʃ) adjective
every (thing, person etc) of two or more, considered separately. each house in this street.
every single one, of two or more. They each have 50 cents.
to or for each one; apiece; I gave them an apple each.
each other
used as the object when an action takes place between two (loosely, more than two) people etc. They wounded each other.

each is singular: Each of them has (not have) a bag in his hand .
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


كُلُّ každý hver jeder καθένας cada, cada uno jokainen, kukin chacun, chaque svaki, svatko ogni, ognuno それぞれ, それぞれの 각자, 각자의 elk, elke hver każdy cada все, каждый var แต่ละ her bir mỗi, mỗi người 每个
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


a. cada; todo; cualquier-a;
pron. cada uno, cada una; cada cual.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012