Heat-shock protein (HSP70) response in the eastern oyster
, Crassostrea virginica, exposed to PAHs sorbed to suspended artificial clay particles and to suspended field contaminated sediments.
The eastern oyster
Crassostrea virginica has been plagued by two major pathogens through much of its North American distribution, the protozoan parasites Perkinsus marinus (Mackin et al.
Analysis of stomach and gut microbiomes of the Eastern oyster
(Crassostrea virginica) from coastal Louisiana, Plos One, 7: e51475.
These species were Eastern oyster
(Crassostrea virginica), Atlantic rangia (Rangia cuneata), ponderous ark (Noetia ponderosa), blood ark (Anadara ovalis), incongruous ark (Anadara brasiliand), unequal spoonclam (Periploma margaritaceum), channeled cuck clam (Raeta plicatella), moon snail (Neverita duplicata), Florida fighting conch (Strombus alatus), and dwarf surf clam (Mulinia lateralis).
We tested the effects of predation risk and resource availability on plastic defenses in the eastern oyster
Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791).
More than 40% of the commercial production of the eastern oyster
(Crassostrea virginica) in the continental United States occurs in coastal Louisiana estuaries (LDWF (1)), and oysters are the dominant reef-forming organism within these estuaries.
The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) and Florida's Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) co-manage Florida's Eastern oyster
In the 1800s, consumption of the eastern oyster
outpaced beef as a source of protein in some regions.
Each is somewhat different in appearance and taste, but nearly all are variants of the eastern oyster
or Crassostrea virginica, the species native to the Atlantic and Gulf seaboards.
"As we reduce the nutrient load feeding Karlodinium's prey and bring back the bay's most prolific filter feeder, the Eastern oyster
, we could essentially limit Karlodinium's ability to bloom," he added.
Each Eastern oyster
filters about 30 gallons of water a day.