HPeV1 (known as echovirus
22 until 1999) has occasionally been associated with severe diseases, such as encephalitis, acute flaccid paralysis, myocarditis, and neonatal sepsis (2), but in Japan, it has been isolated only from patients with mild diseases, including gastroenteritis, upper respiratory tract infection, and hand, foot, and mouth disease (3).
The incriminated infectious agents reported to date are rubella, Echovirus
7, mumps, cytomegalovirus, parainfluenza, coxsackievirus, adenovirus, influenza A, human herpes virus 6, hepatitis B, parvovirus B19, Epstein-Barr virus, Yersinia enterocolitica, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Brucella abortus, and Borrelia burgdorferi.
Whole bovine colostrum and specifically PRPs have been shown to have antiviral activity against adenovirus, alphavirus, dengue virus, echovirus
, Epstein-Barr virus, enterovirus 71, hantavirus, hepatitis C virus, herpes viruses, HIV-1, human papilloma virus, influenza, Japanese encephalitis, measles, poliovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, rotavirus, St.
Enterovirusler picornavirus ailesinden olup; Coxsackievirus A ve B, Echovirus
ve daha yeni numaralandirilmis enterovirus 68-71 ve poliovirusleri icerir.
This association was particularly strong for norovirus genogroup I (NoV-GI) and between adult AGI and enteroviruses when echovirus
coli Giardia Shigella Norovirus Chemicals Dermal infections Pseudomonas Fungi Ear infections Pseudomonas Eye infections and irritation Adenoviruses Chloramines Respiratory infections and irritation Legionella Mycobacterium Chloramines Chemicals Neurologic infections Echovirus
Hepatitis Hepatitis A virus Urinary tract infections Pseudomonas
Viral meningitis in child care center staff and parents: an outbreak of echovirus
Banister (2004) and Echovirus
(2007) note that prenatal sex selection should result in fewer unwanted girls, declines in female infanticide, and reductions in "excess" female mortality because of neglect.
Acute parotitis is common in childhood, mostly associated with mumps infection and among the other causes there exist Staphylococcus aureus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Mycobacterium tuberculosis, echovirus
, parainfluenza (types 1 and 3), coxsackievirus A, adenovirus or cytomegalovirus (1).
11 ile meydana gelen santral sinir sisteminin enteroviral enfeksiyonlari dikkat edilmesi gereken bir durumdur (53,54).
Virus Influenza A H1N1 Adenovirus Type 1 Netherlands/134/04 HI Bovine Leukemia Virus (BLV) Singapore/63/04 HI BVDV New Caledonia/20/99 Coronavirus 229E A/Hong Kong/29/2006 Coronavirus NL63 A/Virginia/01/2006 Coronavirus OC43 A/Taiwan/42/2006 CMV A/Kentucky/01/2005 Coxsackie Virus A9 A/Hong Kong/218/2006 Coxsackie Virus A21 A/Hawaii/15/2001 Coxsackie Virus B5 A/BEIJING/262/95 EBV A/BAYERN/07/95 Echovirus
11 A/JOHANNESBURG/82/96 HAV A/KRASNOYARSK/46/2005 HIV-1 III B A/VICTORIA/504/2005 HIV-1 Mn A/HENAN/8/05 HIV-1 Ba-L A/HONG KONG/4922/05 HSV-I A/.
refer Mycobacterium tuberculosis) Avian Influenza A+ (1) ESR (3) CCHL CHL (3) Bartonella henselae A+ (8) (Cat Scratch Disease) BK virus A+CHL Bordetella A+, pertussis Waikato CCHL (1) CHL (3) Chlamycha A+ (5) trachomatis Waikato (6) CCHL (4) APATH (6) CHL (5) Various other laboratories CJD Australian CJD registry, Melbourne University Coronavirus (refer human coronavirus) Coxsackie virus (refer Enterovirus) Cytomegalovirus (CMV) A+, CCHL CHL1,Z Echovirus
(refer Enterovirus) Enterovirus--Coxsackie A+ A and B, Echovirus
, Waikato (1) Enterovirua, CCHL Poliovirus ESR CHLZ Epstein Barr virus A+1 (EBV) Hepatitis B (HBV) A+ ESR (6) Hepatitis C (HCV) A+ (4) CCHL (4) (qual.