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n. pl. ech·o·vi·rus·es
Any of various enteroviruses of the gastrointestinal tract associated with certain diseases, such as viral meningitis, mild respiratory infections, and severe diarrhea in newborns.

[e(nteric) c(ytopathogenic) h(uman) o(rphan) virus.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈɛkəʊˌvaɪrəs) or

ECHO virus

(Microbiology) any of a group of viruses that can cause symptoms of mild meningitis, the common cold, or infections of the intestinal and respiratory tracts
[C20: from the initials of Enteric Cytopathic Human Orphan ("orphan" because originally believed to be unrelated to any disease) + virus]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈɛk oʊˌvaɪ rəs)

n., pl. -rus•es.
any of numerous retroviruses of the picornavirus group, some harmless and others associated with various human disorders, as aseptic meningitis.
[1950–55; echo- (acronym from enteric cytopathogenic human orphan) + virus]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.echovirus - any of a group of viruses associated with various diseases including viral meningitis and mild respiratory disorders and diarrhea in newborn infants
enterovirus - any of a group of picornaviruses that infect the gastrointestinal tract and can spread to other areas (especially the nervous system)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Of the 28 serious enterovirus cases, 20 were from EV71, while two each were from Enterovirus D68 and Coxsackievirus A10, and one each from Coxsackievirus A6, A9, B5 and Echovirus 11, according to CDC data.
They found enteroviral genetic material (EV-A71) in only the one adult AFM case and genetic material from another enterovirus (echovirus 25) in one of the non-AFM cases.
Six were confirmed to have AFM by case definition; the other 8 had alternative diagnoses, including Guillain-Barre syndrome (3), influenza virus myositis (2), encephalitis by echovirus (in 1 child with Down syndrome), acute transient hip synovitis (1), and transverse myelitis (1).
More than a dozen specific viral antibodies have been identified in bovine colostrum, including those against adenovirus, alphavirus, Dengue virus, echovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, Enterovirus 71, hantavirus, hepatitis C virus, herpes viruses, HIV-1, human papilloma virus, influenza, Japanese encephalitis, measles, polio virus, respiratory syncytial virus, rotavirus, St.
Two additional patients had more than one virus detected in a single respiratory specimen, including one with EV-D68 and echovirus 6 and one with RV-A24 and parechovirus-A6.
Viruses shown to be more common in having cardiotropic effects include Coxsackieviruses, adenoviruses, cytomegaloviruses, echovirus, influenza, Epstein Barr, Human Herpes Virus 6, Hepatitis C, and parvovirus B19 [21-22].
Infectious causes include influenza A and B, coxsackievirus, Epstein-Barr virus, herpes simplex, parainfluenza, adenovirus, echovirus, enterovirus, human immunodeficiency virus, cytomegalovirus, varicella-zoster, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila, tularemia, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Salmonella, E.
Aside from hepatitis viruses A, B, and E, other viruses including parvovirus B19, SEN virus, echovirus 18, and several members of the Herpesviridae (e.g., herpes simplex, herpes zoster, Epstein-Barr, and cytomegalovirus) have been reported to cause ALF in rare cases [6-9].
Furthermore, several bacterial or viral antigens recognized in children and teenagers have been associated later to the development of T1D [83], including antigens from Coxsackievirus A and B, Echovirus, Enterovirus, and so forth.
Human parechoviruses (HPeV), previously designated as echovirus 22 and 23, belong to the Parechovirus genus within the Picornaviridae family and has been designated HPeV 1 and 2 respectively (1) The HPeV genome organization and disease spectrum are similar to other viruses in the Picornaviridae family.
Myositis is a well-known manifestation of numerous infectious diseases, viral infections being the most common (Influenza A and B, Coxsackie Virus, Epstein Barr Virus, Herpes Simplex Virus, Parainfluenza, Adenovirus, Echovirus, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Cytomegalovirus (CMV).
Serology testing was performed for viruses commonly present at the time of the patients' presentation, namely, immunoglobulin IgG and IgM for herpes simplex virus (HSV) I-II, varicella zoster virus (VZV), West Nile virus, coxsackievirus, echovirus (subgroup of enterovirus), and corona virus.