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n. pl. ech·o·vi·rus·es
Any of various enteroviruses of the gastrointestinal tract associated with certain diseases, such as viral meningitis, mild respiratory infections, and severe diarrhea in newborns.

[e(nteric) c(ytopathogenic) h(uman) o(rphan) virus.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈɛkəʊˌvaɪrəs) or

ECHO virus

(Microbiology) any of a group of viruses that can cause symptoms of mild meningitis, the common cold, or infections of the intestinal and respiratory tracts
[C20: from the initials of Enteric Cytopathic Human Orphan ("orphan" because originally believed to be unrelated to any disease) + virus]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈɛk oʊˌvaɪ rəs)

n., pl. -rus•es.
any of numerous retroviruses of the picornavirus group, some harmless and others associated with various human disorders, as aseptic meningitis.
[1950–55; echo- (acronym from enteric cytopathogenic human orphan) + virus]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.echovirus - any of a group of viruses associated with various diseases including viral meningitis and mild respiratory disorders and diarrhea in newborn infants
enterovirus - any of a group of picornaviruses that infect the gastrointestinal tract and can spread to other areas (especially the nervous system)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The enteroviruses include echoviruses, coxsackieviruses, numbered enteroviruses, and the polioviruses.
HPeVs were previously classified as a subgenus of echoviruses (3).
Blood and biopsy specimens were tested for common causative agents, such as Coxsackieviruses A and B, echoviruses, polioviruses, influenza A and B viruses, respiratory syncytial virus, mumps virus, measles virus, rubella virus, hepatitis C virus, dengue virus, yellow fever virus, Chikungunya virus, human immunodeficiency virus-1, adenoviruses, parvovirus B19, cytomegalovirus, human herpes virus-6, Epstein-Barr virus, varicella-zoster virus, and herpes simplex virus, as recommended [1], but none of these triggers was detected.
Herpangina is a disease mainly of children and is caused by various strains of enterovirus mainly Coxsackie viruses A1-A6, A8, A10, A12 or A22, but similar syndromes can be caused by other viruses, especially Coxsackie B and echoviruses. Hand-foot-and-Mouth disease is an enterovirus infection, caused by Coxsackie virus A.
Other commonly occurring viruses that can infect the adrenal glands include echoviruses which can lead to adrenal hemorrhage and necrosis in neonates [40].
These viruses, commonly referred to as echoviruses, belong to genus Enterovirus, Enterovirus B species.
Enteroviruses were present in all four periods, but the composition of serotypes dramatically shifted from coxsackieviruses in 2006 to primarily echoviruses in 2007 (Figure 1D).
The genus enterovirus belongs to the family picornaviridae comprising 66 human serotypes that are classified into 5 groups: (i) poliovirus serotypes 1-3; (if) human enterovirus A (HEV-A), including 11 serotypes of coxsackievirus A and EV 71; (iii) human enterovirus B (HEV-B) with 38 serotypes including all coxsackievirus B, all echoviruses, EV69, EV73, and CA9; (iv) human enterovirus C (HEV-C), including 11 serotypes of coxsackievirus A; and (v) human enterovirus D (HEV-D) with only 2 serotypes--EV68 and EV70.
The coxsackie B viruses, echoviruses, and most of the numbered enteroviruses are in HEV-B, while HEV-D includes EV68, EV70, and EV94.
* other severe illnesses such as myocarditis: caused by enteroviruses, which include human enteroviruses A-D (coxsackie A, coxsackie B and echoviruses) and polioviruses.