male adults were collected every day, and reared with collecting date in a clear plastic box.
All caterpillars that exhibited cannibalism pupated and eclosed
male Strepsiptera live for only a few h (Hubbard 1892; Cook 2014).
We placed newly eclosed
individuals in small plastic containers (15.6 x 11.6 x 6.7 cm), fed them ad libitum raw chicken liver twice weekly, and maintained them on a 14: 10 h light: dark cycle in a temperature-controlled environmental chamber at 21[degrees]C until they reached sexual maturity.
Bristol City boss Steve Cotterill set the cat amongst the pigeons afterwards by saying: "He's the best goalkeeper in the Eclosed
tenuipennis had eclosed
in the rearing cage, confirming the identity of the 5th instar nymphs collected at WDSWA.
file can be sold immediately," he says.
Exuviae of final instar nymphs of Pycna semiclara were collected alongside freshly eclosed
The larvae eclosed
in approximately three days (n=4) and recently eclosed
larvae were 0.77 [+ or -] 0.031mm in length (n=5).
Since they never found aggregations of orb webs in the neighborhood of the cocoons from which the over-wintering second instar spiderlings eclosed
and they only observed the construction of first prey-capture orb webs after a ballooning trip, they concluded "that aeronautic behaviour in Bavarian populations of A.