effector


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Related to effector: Effector T cells

ef·fec·tor

 (ĭ-fĕk′tər)
n.
1. A muscle, gland, or organ capable of responding to a stimulus, especially a nerve impulse.
2. A nerve ending that carries impulses to a muscle, gland, or organ and activates muscle contraction or glandular secretion.
3. Biochemistry A small molecule or protein that alters biochemical processes in a cell, as by decreasing or increasing the activity of an enzyme.
4. Computers A device used to produce a desired change in an object in response to input.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

effector

(ɪˈfɛktə) or

effecter

n
(Physiology) physiol a nerve ending that terminates in a muscle or gland and provides neural stimulation causing contraction or secretion
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ef•fec•tor

(ɪˈfɛk tər)

n.
1. Also, effecter. a person or thing that effects something.
2.
a. an organ, cell, etc., that reacts to a nerve impulse, as a muscle by contracting or a gland by secreting.
b. the part of a nerve that conveys such an impulse.
[1595–1605; < Latin]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.effector - one who brings about a result or event; one who accomplishes a purpose
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
2.effector - a nerve fiber that terminates on a muscle or gland and stimulates contraction or secretion
nerve fiber, nerve fibre - a threadlike extension of a nerve cell
endplate, end-plate, motor end plate - the flattened end of a motor neuron that transmits neural impulses to a muscle
3.effector - an organ (a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to nerve impulses
organ - a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function
sense organ, sensory receptor, receptor - an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
effecteur

ef·fec·tor

n. efector, terminación nerviosa que produce un efecto eferente en una glándula de secreción o en una célula muscular.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Our study complies with the previous findings as we found only effector [CD8.sup.+] T cells notably decreased in the controller group after influenza vaccination and no change in the noncontroller group.
Therefore, many researchers believed that BCG reduces tumor progression and stated that the primary role of BCG treatment is to stimulate, trigger, and activate the immune effector cells in order to attack the cancer cells.
Most industrial robots use serial linkage technology, where each additional axis is mounted on the previous one, with an end effector, which holds the tools the robot uses, on the final axis.
There are eight chapters: functional diversification of phytopathogenic type III secreted effector proteins; systems biology of Pseudomonas synringae type III secretion effector repertoires; towards understanding fire blight: virulence mechanisms and their regulation in Erwinia amylovora; plant-pathogenic Acidovorax species; the interactions between gram-positive pathogens and plant hosts; the molecular interactions between human-pathogenic bacteria and plants; recent advances in Pseudomonas biocontrol; the potential role of bacteriophages in shaping plant-bacteria interactions.
2.a) one may put into evidence the basis and the effector, which must satisfy the following conditions:
We recently demonstrated that the [CD25.sup.high] gate, considered by some studies as characteristic for TREG cells, contains high levels of activated effector T cells in the active stages of SLE (4).
"Our study identifies a bacterial effector that creates gated ion channels and reveals a novel mechanism that may regulate autophagy," explains corresponding author Kim Orth, professor of molecular biology and biochemistry.
When they do, these T cells activate and divide, giving rise to two types of daughter cells: "effector lymphocytes" responsible for immediate host defense and "memory lymphocytes" that provide long-term protection from similar infections.
The gripping robot is equipped with grippers for grasping the object, while the tilting robot possesses an end effector that tilts the object by pushing it.