efficient cause

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Related to efficient causes: Formal cause

efficient cause

n
(Philosophy) philosophy that which produces an effect by a causal process. Compare final cause See also cause7
References in periodicals archive ?
Brown's efforts to establish downward/mental causation is laudable, but many questions remain: Does mental causation operate via efficient causes? If so, how?
(53) This will include changes that have efficient causes that are external to the subject of change as well as ones that have internal ones like nutrition and growth since the natural motions of simple bodies have external efficient causes as well as natures as their principles, i.e., principles of being changed in their characteristic ways (In Physics VIII 4, 255b24-6a3, Aristotle tells us that [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.], which I take to be the simple bodies, have principles of motion, but 'not of moving something or causing motion' ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.]) but of suffering it ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.]).
For example, Cook's argument that Europe's intellectuals and religious leaders hampered scientific development by insisting on causal knowledge rather than precise description of nature, which validated empiricism, does not address the importance of changing definitions of causation and attention to efficient causes within neo-Aristotelian philosophy during the period.
He states, 'The doctrine of the philosophy of organism is that, however far the sphere of efficient causes be pushed in the determination of components of a concrescence--its data, its emotions, its appreciations, its purposes and its phases of subjective aim--beyond the determination of these components, there always remains the final reaction of the self-creative unity of the universe' (p.
It seems to us that Borges erected, whether or not consciously, one of the most extraordinary bridges ever to be built between science and literature, joining together final and efficient causes (expressed in terms of natural laws).
Efficient causes referrer to the energy of and resources behind events.
Otteson also offers an informative discussion of Smith's appeal to both final causes, which reflect utility and general happiness, and efficient causes, which are manifest in individuals pursuing their own interests (pp.
(67) Hence, the final causes of preservation, procreation, and order are all supported by instinctive efficient causes.
Second, Kleer implies that teleology means the arrangement of the human passions as the efficient causes which spontaneously bring about benevolent final causes.
In the second proof, Aquinas notes that, since nothing can exist prior to and as cause of itself, there must be an order of efficient causes in the world.
There exist sensible things which have efficient causes.
Skinner, the major contributor to behavior analysis, the author finds cognitive psychology acceptable when taken as the science of efficient causes. By this he means that cognitive and physiological psychology are addressing how organisms behave the way they do, feel the way they feel, think the way they think.

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