eicosapentaenoic acid

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Related to eicosapentaenoic acid: docosahexaenoic acid

ei·co·sa·pen·ta·e·no·ic acid

n. Abbr. EPA
An omega-3 fatty acid, C20H30O2, found in cold-water fish and in certain algae.

[Greek eikosa-, twenty, from its twenty carbon atoms (from eikosi; see wīkm̥tī- in Indo-European roots) + -pentaene, having five double bonds (penta- + -ene) + -oic.]


1. eicosapentaenoic acid: an omega-3 fatty acid present in fish oils.
2. Environmental Protection Agency.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.eicosapentaenoic acid - an omega-3 fatty acid with 20 carbon atoms; found in fish (especially tuna and bluefish)
omega-3, omega-3 fatty acid - a polyunsaturated fatty acid whose carbon chain has its first double valence bond three carbons from the beginning
References in periodicals archive ?
Eleven fatty acids were abundant in all three species, that is, palmitic acid(16:0), stearic acid (18:0), palmitoleic acid (16:1 n-7), oleic acid (18:1n-9), vaccenic acid (18:1n-7), gadoleic acid (20:1 n-11), linoleic acid (18:2 n-6), arachidonic acid (20:4 n-6), docosatetraenoic acid (22:4 n-6), a-linolenic acid, ALA (18:3 n-3) and eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5 n-3).
The study included 2,735 people, age 65 and older, who were free of heart disease and underwent blood tests to measure levels of three omega -3 fatty acids: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA).
The TAK-085, which is already on the market in 56 countries, is an omega-3 product consisting of eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl ester (EPA-E) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA-E).
The Study: In this European study, 315 mothers were divided into four groups and received various supplements beginning at week 20 of pregnancy: 500 mg docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) with 150 mg eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), both fish oils; 400 [micro]g 5-MTHF (folic acid); fish oils plus folic acid; or a placebo.
According to a study from researchers at the University of Montreal, eicosapentaenoic acid (referred to as EPA), an omega-3 fatty acid found in fish / oil, can decrease symptoms of depression (no matter the season) in people who do not have an anxiety disorder.
This study ("Evaluation of a therapeutic diet for feline degenerative joint disease," Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 2010) tested a diet high in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) content and supplemented with green-lipped mussel extract and glucosamine/chondroitin sulfate for its pain-relieving and activity-enhancing effects in cats with painful and mobility-impairing DJD.
These advances have been made possible by continuing scientific research, and investment in studies is ongoing to broaden understanding about the varying benefits of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), compared with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and [alpha]-linolenic acid (ALA).
LONDON--A small, randomized trial suggests that fish oil given in tablet form as eicosapentaenoic acid may have chemopreventive effects, reducing the number and size of precancerous rectal polyps in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis.
And they rejected a series of child health claims for foods containing the additives docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), including that they help vision, mental development, calming and serenity to children.
A recent study review (Journal of the American College of Cardiology, August 11) citing four trials with almost 40,000 participants, suggests that omega-3 fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) not only prevent heart disease in healthy people, but also reduce the risk of heart attack in people with existing heart disease.
They also suggested that healthy people consume the equivalent of 500 mg per day of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)--equal to around two fatty fish (such as salmon) meals per week.
In a study that is good news for endangered fish stocks, a team in The Netherlands have found that eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation does not improve cognitive performance in the elderly.