ejective


Also found in: Thesaurus, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

e·jec·tive

 (ĭ-jĕk′tĭv)
adj.
1. Relating to or causing ejection.
2. Linguistics Articulated with a stream of air created by closing the glottis, making a constriction or closure in the oral cavity above the glottis, and raising the larynx to increase the air pressure within the cavity between the glottal closure and the oral constriction or closure. An ejective (t), for example, is made with a stream of air generated in this way, rather than with a stream of air from the lungs. Ejective consonants are found in many languages, including Amharic, Georgian, Lakota, and Quechua.
n.
Linguistics An ejective consonant.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

ejective

(ɪˈdʒɛktɪv)
adj
1. relating to or causing ejection
2. (Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics (of a plosive or fricative consonant, as in some African languages) pronounced with a glottal stop
n
(Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics an ejective consonant
eˈjectively adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet, the introduction of these retired officers is, by far, the most ejective way to increase the safety of our school communities.
[20] studied the vibration intensity and frequency at the ejective direction during drill-and-blasting.
I suggest therefore that sign 26 is related to the bird pictogram found in Sinai 371 and possibly repeated in Sinai 363 and 375a and that it represents the etymological ejective lateral fricative /[??]/ (see Table 5).
[14] successfully simulated an ejective rockburst phenomenon in a uniaxial test.
Ganza has an inventory of twenty-three phonemic consonants, and like many Omotic languages it maintains a three way contrast in its oral stops and sibilants between voiceless, ejective, and voiced features.
Both models are also available as waste handlers, featuring 16 guarding points, a high-efficiency mid-mounted cooling cube, a slanted hood and Sy-Klone ejective air pre-cleaner, and heavy-duty axles and solid tires.
One remarkable feature of the Orkney accent as a variety of English, even if we compare it to various forms of English on a world scale, is that its speakers occasionally use non-pulmonic airstream, resulting in the production of ejectives. To create an ejective, a speaker closes the larynx and raises it, before the closure in the oral cavity is released, as shown in the following figure (taken from Ladefoged and Disner 2012:150; reproduction courtesy of Wiley.
The critical parameters in this formalism describe ejective feedback (outflows), preventive feedback (retardation of inflows), and wind recycling (return of ejected material).
The study reveals that languages containing ejective consonants are spoken mainly in regions of high elevation.