elaidic acid


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Related to elaidic acid: stearic acid, linoleic acid
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Noun1.elaidic acid - a monounsaturated fatty acid that has the same structure as oleic acid except that it is a trans fatty acid; the major trans fatty acid in margarine and fried foods
trans fatty acid - a fatty acid that has been produced by hydrogenating an unsaturated fatty acid (and so changing its shape); found in processed foods such as margarine and fried foods and puddings and commercially baked goods and partially hydrogenated vegetable oils
monounsaturated fatty acid - an unsaturated fatty acid whose carbon chain has one double or triple valence bond per molecule; found chiefly in olive oil and chicken and almonds
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References in periodicals archive ?
The MUFA comprised 55.80% to 56.98% of total fatty acids, and among the MUFA, myristoleic acid ([C.sub.14:1]) comprised 1.25% to 1.49%, palmitoleic acid ([C.sub.16:1]) 5.66% to 5.93%, elaidic acid ([C.sub.18:1]) 1.36% to 1.45%, oleic acid ([C.sub.18:1n-9]) 47.31% to 48.27%, and vaccenic acid ([C.sub.18:1n7]) 0.22% to 0.23% of the total fatty acids.
A total of 35 types of fatty acid were detected but octanoic acid, tridecanoic acid, myristoleic acid, pentadecenoic acid, elaidic acid, linoleic acid, a-linolenic acid, docosadienoic acid, nervonic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid were not detected (Table 2).
The following TFAs were measured and used in the current study: trans-9-hexadecenoic acid (palmitelaidic acid, C16:1n-7t), trans-9-octadecenoic acid (elaidic acid, C18:1n9t), trans-11-octadecenoic acid (vaccenic acid, C18:1n-7t), and trans-9-, trans-12-octadecadienoic acid (linolelaidic acid, C18:2n-6t, 9t) [18, 19].
In most of the in vitro studies available, elaidic acid (9t-18:1) was examined as a representative TFA in PHO [9].
(2014) [6] who reported only 8.03% of MUFA, very less amount of oleic acid 0.68%, important percentage of elaidic acid (C18:1 w9 trans) (3.16%) and high trans/cis ratio of MUFA (1.27) in the same variety.
Elaidic acid (C18:1n-9t) is classified as a synthetic fatty acid, and has also been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (Valsta, Tapanainen, & Mannisto, 2005).
Two of the newest DNMTIs consist of S110 which is caused by the release of intracellular decitabine (Yoo, 2007) and CP-4200 azacytidine changes elaidic acid is obtained from (Brueckner, 2010), the impact of high temozolomide in different cell lines and mouse models have been shown and they are waiting for clinical research.
[16] Stevens and Beebe [17] investigated layer formation of saturated (octadecanoic acid) and unsaturated (elaidic acid C[H.sub.3][(C[H.sub.2]).sub.7]CH=CH[(C[H.sub.2]).sub.7]COOH) fatty acid mixtures.
Elaidic acid (C18:1n9t) has an important effect on the extracellular matrix because it inhibits metalloproteinase-A (MMP-A) and MMP-B, which, respectively, degrade collagen and elastic fibers.
globulus were erucic acid (20.36%, 20.7%), nervonic acid (33.18%, 25.7%) and DHA (19.48%, 33%), respectively, followed by elaidic acid, oleic acid and palmitic acid.
Other reported compounds include 3-glucosyl quercetin, betulic acid, bicycloelemene, brahmic acid, campesterol, camphor, centellic acid, centellinic acid, centellose, centelloside, centoic acid, elaidic acid, germacrene-D, hydrocotyline, indocentoic acid, isobrahmic acid, isothankunic acid, lignoceric acid, medicassic acid, oxyasiaticoside, and vellarine (Duke, 1992).