elapid


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

el·a·pid

 (ĕl′ə-pĭd)
n.
Any of various venomous snakes of the family Elapidae, such as the cobras, mambas, and coral snakes, having hollow, fixed fangs.

[From New Latin Elapidae, family name, from Late Greek elaps, elap-, fish, variant of Greek ellops.]

el′a·pid adj.

elapid

(ˈɛləpɪd)
n
(Animals) any venomous snake of the mostly tropical family Elapidae, having fixed poison fangs at the front of the upper jaw and including the cobras, coral snakes, and mambas
adj
(Animals) of, relating to, or belonging to the Elapidae
[C19: from New Latin Elapidae, from Medieval Greek elaps, elops a fish, sea serpent; perhaps related to Greek lepis scale]

el•a•pid

(ˈɛl ə pɪd)

n.
any venomous snake of the family Elapidae, having erect fangs in the upper jaw and including coral snakes and cobras.
[1880–85; < New Latin Elapidae=Elap-, s. of Elaps a genus (« Greek éllops a marine fish) + -idae -id2]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.elapid - any of numerous venomous fanged snakes of warmer parts of both hemispheres
ophidian, serpent, snake - limbless scaly elongate reptile; some are venomous
Elapidae, family Elapidae - cobras; kraits; mambas; coral snakes; Australian taipan and tiger snakes
harlequin-snake, New World coral snake, coral snake - any of several venomous New World snakes brilliantly banded in red and black and either yellow or white; widely distributed in South America and Central America
coral snake, Old World coral snake - any of various venomous elapid snakes of Asia and Africa and Australia
Denisonia superba, copperhead - venomous but sluggish reddish-brown snake of Australia
cobra - venomous Asiatic and African elapid snakes that can expand the skin of the neck into a hood
Hemachatus haemachatus, ringhals, rinkhals, spitting snake - highly venomous snake of southern Africa able to spit venom up to seven feet
mamba - arboreal snake of central and southern Africa whose bite is often fatal
Acanthophis antarcticus, death adder - venomous Australian snake resembling an adder
Notechis scutatus, tiger snake - highly venomous brown-and-yellow snake of Australia and Tasmania
Australian blacksnake, Pseudechis porphyriacus - large semiaquatic snake of Australia; black above with red belly
krait - brightly colored venomous but nonaggressive snake of southeastern Asia and Malay peninsula
Oxyuranus scutellatus, taipan - large highly venomous snake of northeastern Australia
References in periodicals archive ?
The neurotoxicity induced by elapid snake bites may be predominantly attributed to the neuromuscular blockade due to presynaptic toxins present in krait venom and postsynaptic toxins present in cobra venom, with most elapids containing both pre- and postsynaptic toxins.
presented an early example of repurposing an SMT for snakebite when neostigmine was used to treat the paralytic effects of an elapid bite [41].
Bosward, "Elapid snake envenomation in dogs in New South Wales: a review," Australian Veterinary Journal, vol.
The family Bornaviridae comprises the classical mammalian bornaviruses (Mammalian 1 bornavirus with borna disease virus; BoDV-1 and -2); avian bornaviruses (Passeriform 1/2 bornavirus, Psittaciform 1/2 bornavirus, Waterbird 1 bornavirus); and a recently described Elapid 1 bornavirus from snakes (Loveridge's garter snake virus 1) (1).
[2] Prevalent species include the Mozambique spitting cobra (Naja mossambica) and puff adder (Bitis arietans), an elapid and viperid respectively, both of which have a potent cytotoxic venom.
Systemic myotoxicity is elicited by elapid venom (i.e., some sea snake, terrestrial elapids).
Surgical removal of venom glands in Australian elapid snakes: the creation of venomoids.
DISCUSSION: Indian poisonous snakes belong to the elapid family of the cobra and krait and the viperid family of the Russel's viper and the saw scaled viper.