elastance


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elastance

(ɪˈlæstəns)
n
(General Physics) physics the reciprocal of capacitance. It is measured in reciprocal farads (darafs)
[C19: from elastic + -ance]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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Noun1.elastance - the reciprocal of capacitance
electrical phenomenon - a physical phenomenon involving electricity
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References in periodicals archive ?
Postexposure treatment with inhibitors of TRP vanilloid, an ion channel expressed in pulmonary endothelial cells, had anti-inflammatory effects in Cl[sub]2-exposed mice and inhibited vascular leakage, AHR, and increase in elastance, therefore improving blood oxygen saturation.[44]{Figure 2}
Left ventricular (LV) elastance [systolic blood pressure/LV end systolic volume (LVESV)] and arterial elastance (systolic blood pressure/LV stroke volume) were calculated as detailed by Chantler et al.
As shown in Table 2, the load-dependent (ejection fraction, preload adjusted maximal power, end systolic volume, and end diastolic volume) and load-independent (maximal elastance, end systolic pressure-volume ratio, preload recruitable stroke work, and end systolic elastance) indices in both cell-seeded patch groups were substantially improved.
evaluated breast cancer patients who received doxorubicin and/or trastuzumab therapy to determine chemotherapy-related cardiac dysfunction by using echocardiography-derived measures of arterial elastance. They identified ventricular arterial coupling and circumferential strain as the predictors of chemotherapy-related cardiac dysfunction as a noninvasive strategy to identify high-risk patients [18].
MR-Intracranial pressure (ICP): a method to measure intracranial elastance and pressure noninvasively by means of MR imaging: baboon and human study.
A "snapshot perturbation" maneuver was then used to measure the resistance (R), compliance (C), and elastance (E) of the whole respiratory system.
Regarding GW0742, it was recently demonstrated that it can reverse the lung tissue damage induced by elastase in emphysema-model mice and improves respiratory function in mouse model: in particular, GW0742 increases the in vivo expression of surfactant proteins A and D, which are known alveolar type II epithelial cell markers, reduces the average distance between alveolar walls in the lungs, and improves tissue elastance, as well as the ratio of the forced expiratory volume in the first 0.05 s to the forced vital capacity [33].
For b < 1, the Pao curve presents a downward concavity, suggesting a continuous decrease in elastance during constant-flow inflation.
Airway resistance (Raw), tissue elastance (Htis), tissue damping (Gtis), dynamic resistance (Rrs), and dynamic elastance (Ers) parameters were obtained by using a constant phase model that can separately analyze airways and tissue.
[5] Nichols W, Edwards D G 2001 Arterial elastance and wave reflection augmentation of systolic blood pressure: deleterious effects and implications for therapy J.
How much of that displayed airway opening pressure was required to expand the lung and how much the chest wall are determined by their relative stiffness (elastance).