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adj. a compar. of old with eldest as superl.
elder eldest older oldest
The elder of two people is the one who was born first.
If you have a sister or brother who was born before you, you can refer to them as your elder sister or brother.
The eldest of a group of people, especially the brothers and sisters in a family, is the one who was born first.
You cannot use 'elder' in any of these ways.
You cannot use 'elder' or 'eldest' to talk about things.
|Noun||1.||elder - a person who is older than you are |
doyenne - a woman who is the senior member of a group
|2.||elder - any of numerous shrubs or small trees of temperate and subtropical northern hemisphere having white flowers and berrylike fruit|
American elder, black elderberry, Sambucus canadensis, sweet elder - common elder of central and eastern North America bearing purple-black berries; fruit used in wines and jellies
blue elder, blue elderberry, Sambucus caerulea - shrub or small tree of western United States having white flowers and blue berries; fruit used in wines and jellies
danewort, dwarf elder, Sambucus ebulus - dwarf herbaceous elder of Europe having pink flowers and a nauseous odor
black elder, bourtree, common elder, elderberry, European elder, Sambucus nigra - a common shrub with black fruit or a small tree of Europe and Asia; fruit used for wines and jellies
American red elder, Sambucus pubens, stinking elder, red-berried elder - common North American shrub or small tree
|3.||elder - any of various church officers|
church officer - a church official
presbyter - an elder in the Presbyterian Church
|Adj.||1.||elder - used of the older of two persons of the same name especially used to distinguish a father from his son; "Bill Adams, Sr."|
senior - older; higher in rank; longer in length of tenure or service; "senior officer"
my elder sister → mi hermana mayor
elder statesman → viejo estadista m (fig) → persona f respetada
Pliny the Elder → Plinio el Viejo
my elders → mis mayores
don't criticize your elders and betters → no critiques a tus mayores CHURCHES OF ENGLAND/SCOTLAND
elder2 [ˈeldəʳ] N (Bot) → saúco m
one's elders → i più anziani
you should respect your elders → devi rispettare chi è più anziano di te