The fluid can be driven by an external electric field or a pressure gradient leading, respectively, to electro-osmotic
flow (EOF) and pressure-driven flow.
Other studies have investigated the relationship between hydraulic permeability and electro-osmotic
Theoretical prediction of fast 3D AC electro-osmotic
pumps, Lab Chip, 6: 14551461.
Qpedia Volume 4 topics include multilayer mini-channel heat sinks, electro-osmotic
pumps, thermoelectric coolers, high altitude heat transfer, data center cooling, defense electronics, and automotive electronics cooling.
Some specific topics include exergoeconomic analysis of a steam power plant in Iran, mass transport in a microchannel bioreactor with a porous wall, forced vibration behavior of an adhesively bonded single-lap joint, lean layout in an automotive parts manufacturer, and electro-osmotic
flow in a nanotube with power law fluid.
Proof of electro-osmotic
drug delivery: a prejudiced clinical trial, delivering from mouth to nose.
(2007) demonstrated that earthworms reduce adhesion of soil to their bodies because of electro-osmotic
flow of lubricating fluid at the body and soil interface.
They review classical equilibrium electrokinetic theories, along with more recent theoretical developments; discuss electro-osmotic
transport and its application to the design of DC electrokinetic pumps; and examine electrophoresis and its applications.