Bazinet, How Physico-Chemical and Surface Properties of Cation-Exchange Membrane Affect Membrane Scaling and Electroconvective Vortices: Influence On Performance of Electrodialysis
with Pulsed Electric Field, Desalination, (2015).
These methods are based on the principle of adsorption, ion exchange, precipitation, electrodialysis
and reverse osmosis.
The contributors describe dynamic filtration with rotating disks and vibrating membranes, liquid membrane filters, computer simulation of an ion-exchange membrane electrodialysis
process for saline water desalination, magnetic separation techniques for mineral processing, and hot gas filtration.
Reclaiming produced water for beneficial use: salt removal by electrodialysis
. J Membr Sci., 243: 335-43.
(In Wilkinson's process, other anions such as bromide or chloride take the place of hydroxide but its durability is still a big asset.) Holdcroft's innovations are somewhat similar to established electrodialysis
technology used in water purification.
In this research, the researchers tried to produce and modify membranes used in electrodialysis
process for desalination and sweetening water and purification of industrial wastewater.
The topics include process intensification in integrated membrane processes, fruit juice processing, citrus processing, integrated membrane and conventional processes applied to milk processing, whey processing, making wine, the sugar and brewing industry, processing stevioside using membrane-based separation processes, valorizing food processing streams for obtaining extracts enriched in biologically active compounds, membrane emulsification in integrated processes for innovative food, and electrodialysis
in integrated processes for food applications.
(ED) was chosen to remove Ca[Cl.sub.2] from its sugar solution.
Thermal processes include multistage flash (MSF), multiple-effect distillation (MED), and vapour compression (VC), whereas membrane processes include reverse osmosis (RO), electrodialysis
(ED), and forward osmosis (FO).
Anand, "Reclamation of alkali soils by electrodialysis
," Soil Science, vol.
Schafer, "Removal of boron, fluoride and nitrate by electrodialysis
in the presence of organic matter," Journal of Membrane Science, vol.