Developing new tools for intracellular electrophysiology (the electric current running within cells) that push the limits of what is physically possible (spatiotemporal resolution) while reducing invasiveness could provide a deeper understanding of electrogenic
cells and their networks in tissues, as well as new directions for human-machine interfaces.
This was the discovery of the electrogenic
bacteria which, as their name suggests, can generate electricity.
sodium-proton exchange in membrane vesicles from crab (Carcinus maenas) gill.
Study author Professor Dan Portnoy said: 'The fact that so many bugs that interact with humans, either as pathogens or in probiotics or in our microbiota or involved in fermentation of human products, are electrogenic
- that had been missed before.
Each of these graphene forms can be explored to produce novel microelectrodes that interface with electrogenic
neurons, and there is potential to combine the different forms with each other or with other materials in order to enhance or take advantage of a particular characteristic.
Protonophores decrease the mitochondrial potential by facilitating electrogenic
transport of protons through the inner mitochondrial membrane.
Kim, "Graphene films show stable cell attachment and biocompatibility with electrogenic
primary cardiac cells," Molecules and Cells, vol.
H+ pathway contributes to stimulus-induced changes of internal pH and membrane potential in intact neutrophils: role of cytoplasmic phospholipase A2," Biochemical Journal, vol.
Similar to a zinc-selective channel, zinc flux via ZIPB was nonsaturable for a zinc concentration of up to 2mM and was electrogenic
, and this transport mechanism is consistent with ZIP2 .
Konings, "Generation of a proton motive force by histidine decarboxylation and electrogenic
histidine/histamine antiport in Lactobacillus buchneri," Journal of Bacteriology, vol.