electrolytic cell


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Related to electrolytic cell: electrolysis, electrochemical cell, galvanic cell

electrolytic cell

n.
1. A cell containing an electrolyte through which an externally generated electric current is passed by a system of electrodes in order to produce an electrochemical reaction.
2. A cell containing an electrolyte in which an electrochemical reaction produces an electromotive force.

electrolytic cell

n
(Chemistry) any device in which electrolysis occurs. Sometimes shortened to: cell

cell

(sɛl)

n.
1. a small room, as in a convent or prison.
2. any of various small compartments or bounded areas forming part of a whole.
3. a usu. microscopic structure containing nuclear and cytoplasmic material enclosed by a semipermeable membrane and, in plants, a cell wall; the basic structural unit of all organisms.
4. a small group acting as a unit within a larger organization: a local cell of a political party.
5. a device that converts chemical energy into electricity, usu. consisting of two different kinds of conductors surrounded by an electrolyte; battery.
6. Also called electrolytic cell. a device for producing electrolysis, consisting essentially of the electrolyte, its container, and the electrodes.
7. a monastery or nunnery, dependent on a larger religious house.
8. one of the areas into which the wing of an insect is divided by the veins.
9. locule.
10. one of the separate areas covered by a radio transmitter in a cellular phone system.
[before 1150; Middle English celle (< Old French), Old English cell < Medieval Latin cella monastic cell, Latin: room; see cella]

e·lec·tro·lyt·ic cell

(ĭ-lĕk′trə-lĭt′ĭk)
A device containing two electrodes immersed in a solution of electrolytes, used to bring about a chemical reaction. Electrolytic cells require an outside source of electricity to initiate the movement of ions between the two electrodes where the chemical change takes place. They have many practical uses including the recovery of pure metal from alloys, and the plating of one metal with another. Compare voltaic cell.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.electrolytic cell - a cell containing an electrolyte in which an applied voltage causes a reaction to occur that would not occur otherwise (such as the breakdown of water into hydrogen and oxygen)
anode - a positively charged electrode by which electrons leave an electrical device
cathode - a negatively charged electrode that is the source of electrons entering an electrical device
electric cell, cell - a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction
electrode - a conductor used to make electrical contact with some part of a circuit
galvanic cell, primary cell, voltaic cell - an electric cell that generates an electromotive force by an irreversible conversion of chemical to electrical energy; cannot be recharged
References in periodicals archive ?
What is the positive electrode of an electrolytic cell called?
For each run, an electrolytic cell made of glass was used, containing up to 500 ml of the electrolyte.
For this purpose, the specific system for exhaust gases from an electrolytic cell and filtering before releasing to atmosphere has being developed.
MAO is a complex process combined with simultaneous partial processes, including oxide film formation, dissolution, and dielectric breakdown [3], valve metal is positioned as the anode in an electrolytic cell, the precursor to spark deposition is anodization, as the voltage is raised, an anodic oxide film is induced to grow.
The graphite rods were adhered to a zinc wire as a second electrode in the electrolytic cell filled with ionic solution and both were placed parallel at a distance of 2 cm from each other as shown in Fig.
The technology involves channelling urine into an electrolytic cell that transforms the waste into hydrogen, water and nitrogen.
Current experiment aims at the calibration of a manufactured electrolytic cell device for instantaneous readings at the correct point in the soil profile, sufficiently reliable for measuring the resistivity in the soil solution and not expensive for soil or environmental management.
To obtain the optimum performance of the electrolytic cell, PFSA and PFCA were combined to prepare two-layer ion exchange membranes.
The following description of the site's history is from a Dartmouth Superfund Research Program on the Berlin site: "From 1898 to the 1960s, at the former Chlor-Alkali facility just downstream of the Sawmill Dam on the Androscoggin River, various industrial chemicals, including chlorine, caustic soda, hydrogen, and chloroform, were made using electrolytic cell houses ...
Introducing an ultrasound to the electrolytic cell resulted in acoustic cavitation.