Their electronic structure or color can be changed by electron beams
without changing their outward structure.
The following are a few examples of the flexibility of low energy electron beams
in addressing a range of aseptic packaging applications.
The electron beams
on the heated surface are controlled by a upper level microprocessor and controllers with a set of lower level devices.
Russia) focuses on fundamental features of vacuum electronics, including the strong interaction of the physics of electron beams
and vacuum electronics, including millimeter-wave electronics.
DNP owns a proprietary Electron Beam
technology which is specially designed to harden resin by radiating electron beams
into resin coating.
More particularly, this technology relates to an electronic measuring method and apparatus which utilizes electron beams
in an open atmosphere (i.
Advanced Electron Beams
introduces a new, compact and modular electron beam
laboratory unit for evaluating the use of E-beams in a variety of curing, sterilization, materials modification and research, and process development applications.
Surfi-Sculpt uses electron beams
to specifically remodel metal surfaces by generating protrusions, which grow from a material's surface.
In the United States, three types of ionizing radiation have been approved for irradiating food: gamma rays, high energy electrons, which are sometimes referred to as electron beams
(or e-beams), and X-rays.
Besides the limitations of increased sample heating, large focused electron beams
from higher beam currents, and beam current stability, there are processes within the proportional counter and detector electronics limiting the count rate.
Treating alfalfa seeds with electron beams
has the potential to eliminate pathogens from the product.
To create sufficiently thin lines for future chips, researchers have explored several schemes: one based on the use of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation, another on X rays, and a third on electron beams