They cover embodied cognition and eliminative materialism
; consciousness and freedom of will; mind, metaphysics, and will to power; consciousness, language, and metaphor; ethics and life; and Redlichkeit and embodied wisdom.
Patricia Churchland is the queen of eliminative materialism
and a committed atheist.
Un-reducibility of folk psychology to eliminative materialism
Those philosophers take this to be a serious objection to eliminative materialism
. This line of objection raises three questions.
For Hawkes, the "eliminative materialism
" of neuroscience inevitably answers in the affirmative (11).
His perspectives are classical American pragmatism, pragmatics and pragmatisms, a Kantian rationalist pragmatism, an arc of thought from Rorty's eliminative materialism
to his pragmatism, synthesizing naturalism and historicism, toward an analytic pragmatism, and expressivism and anti-representationalism.
Elsewhere in the chapter Carter sketches a number of the problems associated with three garden variety forms of materialism: eliminative materialism
(the view that consciousness does not exist), identity theory (the view that consciousness and brain states are identical), and epiphenomenalism (the view that consciousness, though distinct from brain states, lacks causal efficacy).
It offers an overview of the debate over folk psychology and eliminative materialism
, continues with a more detailed account of Daniel Dennett's notion of the 'Intentional Stance' and rationality, and concludes with the 'rule of thumb' that 'for an animal or robot to have a mind it must have intentionality (including rationality) and subjectivity' (95), where subjectivity requires not only that the animal/robot has experiences, but also that it knows that it has experiences.
and the propositional attitudes.
He then reviews a number of variants of evolutionary epistemology and concludes with a description of Patricia and Paul Churchland's eliminative materialism
, a radical doctrine that attempts to rid science studies of all folk psychology--the philosopher's term for explanations that refer to beliefs, desires, and intentions.
He is a leading proponent of the philosophical doctrine of eliminative materialism
, which claims, among other things, that mental processes or mental states (e.g., believing) as traditionally conceived do not exist.
Instead, philosophers moved toward asking what kind of materialism is best for the purposes of psychological theory construction -- behavioristic eliminative materialism
(Ryle, Skinner), neurophilic eliminative materialism
(Rorty, the Churchlands), identity theory with its many sub-divisions (Smart, Davidson, Searle), or functionalism (Putnam, Fodor).