Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
tr.v. e·lu·tri·at·ed, e·lu·tri·at·ing, e·lu·tri·ates
1. To purify, separate, or remove (ore, for example) by washing, decanting, and settling.
2. To wash away the lighter or finer particles of (soil, for example).
[Latin elutriāre, elutriāt- (from *elutrium, vat, bath, from Greek *elutrion, diminutive of elutron, cover, sheath, tank; see elytron) or ēlūtriāre (from *ēlūtor, one who washes, from ēluere, to wash out; see elute).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Chemistry) (tr) to purify or separate (a substance or mixture) by washing and straining or decanting
[C18: from Latin ēlūtriāre to wash out, from ēluere, from ē- out + lavere to wash]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
v.t. -at•ed, -at•ing.
1. to purify by washing and straining or decanting.
2. to separate the light and heavy particles of (a substance) by washing.
[1725–35; < Latin elutriātus, past participle of elutriāre to rinse in a vat]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Past participle: elutriated
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011