Read as 'a seminal text inspiring Luther's doctrine of justification by faith', (63) these words also manifest the value of repentance as an exercise in humiliation and sorrow, promoted by such authors as the Catholic emblematist
, Ludovicus van Leuven: '[A]ll your works ought to be preceded by the spontaneous offering of your heart and yourself into God's hands, if you want to attain freedom and grace.' (64) Beyond the sentimental tragedy, Ford manages to compose a much deeper reflection on individual morals and an alternative correlate to sacrificial language: Penthea and Calantha represent actual models of spiritual perfection, and something similar applies to Bianca and Fernando in Love's Sacrifce.
(12) He composed this moralistic volume under the influence of his friends Pierio Valeriano, a classicist and emblematist
who wrote Hieroglyphica (Venice, 1556), (13) and Francesco Colonna, a Dominican poet who composed the mysterious allegorical tome, the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili (Venice, 1499).
The second reading of the iris as the "radiant and refulgent Bow of Heaven" (Holtgen 92) remained commonplace enough in the early modern period for Henry Hawkins, a Jesuit emblematist
, to adapt the image for its religious symbolism in his Partheneia Sacra (1633) (Holtgen 92-9), indicating that both Catholics and Protestants could fashion long-standing Biblical symbols to connote unity, pardon, and "the reconciliation given to the human race by God" (Ferguson, "Rainbow" 43).
God, as the master signifier par excellence, if explored through the history of theology, becomes the supreme emblematist
, rendering creation as a series of mysterious symbols, some elusive combination of those subjects and objects that are thereby signified through God's sheer determination to make it so.
Observing the rival status of Mary Stuart and Elizabeth Tudor as objects of royal panegyric across the confessional divide, Shell focuses her attention on two less well known cultural instances of vexed and tactically ambiguous loyalty, the Petrarchan verse of Elizabethan diplomat and Catholic poet Henry Constable, and the imprese designed by secular priest and emblematist
Thomas Wright for the Earl of Essex's presentation at the 1595 Accession Day tilts.
Moreover, in a final chapter Bath extends his study through the eighteenth century to the Romantics and manages in the process to unearth some remarkable connections between the early nineteenth-century emblematist
, John Thurston, and William Blake.
Item 6 9, ~To King CHARLES', pursues an extended comparison of the state to a musical instrument played upon by its ruler and then applies it to the current monarch, with an emblematist
's eye for ingenious analogy:
Junius was a versatile man, a physician, classical scholar, translator, lexicographer, antiquarian, historiographer, emblematist
, school rector, and Latin poet as well--a man with a real 'kaleidoscopic scholarship.' Not all of his subjects are treated in this book.
Gabor Tuskes discusses the relations between Sambucus, the Hungarian humanist and emblematist
, and Geffrey Whitney, who borrowed heavily from his Emblemata (1564) for A Choice of Emblemes (1586).
The Dutch embassy was an eminent one, and included Jacob Cats the poet and emblematist
; its members argued hard and eloquently against the restrictions on Dutch shipping that the English had imposed.
Hooft (focusing on his humanist art of imitatio) while Frans Blom discusses the emblematist
and politician Jacob Cats (documenting his lifetime's engagement with the Essais, starting with "Sur des vers de Virgile").
Adages culled from Plautus are included in several early editions, and that of the Italian-Hungarian humanist and emblematist
Giovanni Sambuco (Ioannes Sambucus), produced in 1568, groups the sayings under such topics as marriage and the passions, aiming to support his claim for Plautus's moral wisdom in the face of those detractors who claimed that he preached immorality.