emphysematous

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emphysema
top: normal bronchiole and alveoli
bottom: diseased bronchiole with mucus, enlarged air sacs in the alveoli, and fewer capillaries

em·phy·se·ma

 (ĕm′fĭ-sē′mə, -zē′-)
n.
1. A pathological condition of the lungs marked by an abnormal increase in the size of the air spaces, resulting in labored breathing and an increased susceptibility to infection. It can be caused by irreversible expansion of the alveoli or by the destruction of alveolar walls.
2. An abnormal distension of body tissues caused by retention of air.

[Greek emphūsēma, inflation, from emphūsān, to blow in : en-, in; see en-2 + phūsān, to blow (from phūsa, bellows, bladder).]

em′phy·sem′a·tous (-sĕm′ə-təs, -sē′mə-, -zĕm′ə-, -zē′mə-) adj.
em′phy·se′mic adj. & n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.emphysematous - relating to or resembling or being emphysema
Translations

em·phy·sem·a·tous

a. enfisematoso-a, rel. al enfisema.
References in periodicals archive ?
Apparent papillary structures were seen to connect with alveolar septae, confirming these to be pseudopapillae rather than true papillae, resulting from tumor cells growing lepidically along collapsed, emphysematously distorted alveolar septae (original magnifications X10).