Clearly, we should beware of letting the facts, or, as Campbell tellingly demonstrates, the exceptions, spoil a good theory, and, indeed, the empiricist
never has to worry about that, although the empiricist
rarely justifies empiricism as such, contending that the points he or she is making (not explicitly a position adopted by Campbell, but present to the reader none the less) stand to reason, and could have been arrived at without the system.
The shots--mostly still lifes and tableaux--border on the surreal, a significant departure from the empiricist
landscape photography for which the artist is best known.
, he had little patience for oversimplification of any kind, neither "the reductionism of vulgar Marxism" nor the "vulgar reductionism of modern theoretical economics, which perceives capitalism as merely a neutral field of property rights."
Like Thoren, Christianson challenges the centuries-old portrayal of Tycho as a hardnosed empiricist
which was initiated by Tycho's first biographer, Pierre Gassendi, in the seventeenth century.
Although much research in the field is based on an atheoretical, empiricist
approach, more theoretically grounded approaches that rely on the insights of functionalism, Marxism, pluralism, gender and other perspectives are now common.
The first continues an older debate in which realists confront a character known under various designations (the empiricist
, the instrumentalist, the fictionalist, the positivist).
This is the empiricist
world view of the human condition, and to an increasing degree it is being addressed by biologists and social scientists, as well as some liberal theologians, whose attention has been newly focused on the study of mind and evolution by the advance of science.
While ignoring or cleansing the conservative politics of many pioneers of social research in order to sustain her belief that "advances in empiricist
methodology came overwhelmingly from people who were politically left of centre" (243), McDonald performs a complementary distortion on progressive thinkers: they have to be brought within the fold of empiricism.
In fact, I think that van Fraassen could endorse this, for even he thinks that scientific theories tell us something about the unobservable world, albeit something entirely negative, namely that, for example, common cause models of the unobservable world are ruled out by EPR-type correlations in the phenomena (see, for example, his Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist
Zuo presents Shen (1031-95) as a significant figure in intellectual history and makes a case for him as an empiricist
. Shen's empirical stance led to the emergence of a new horizon of epistemic praxis, she argues, and consequently to a range of concrete discoveries widely acclaimed for their scientific value.
My criticism of Kaspar's intuitionism is essentially what you'd expect of a moral realist of foundationalist and empiricist
Key topics addressed include the ways in which Chomsky distinguishes between his own "rationalist" scientific approach to the sciences of language and mind versus the "empiricist
" approach (which neither McGilvray nor Chomsky believe deserves the appellation), the growth of biolinguistics and Chomsky's role in its development, the importance of biolinguistics for understanding Chomsky's attempts to construct a science of human nature, how these issues are incorporated into Chomsky's "Enlightenment project" of coming to understand humans as natural objects with language and an innate moral sense, and the ways in which this project is connected to his political interventions.