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Related to encephalon: encephalopathy, encephalitis, telencephalon


n. pl. en·ceph·a·la (-lə)
The brain of a vertebrate.

[Greek enkephalon, from neuter of enkephalos, in the head; see encephalo-.]

en·ceph′a·lous adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -la (-lə)
(Anatomy) a technical name for brain
[C18: from New Latin, from Greek enkephalos brain (literally: that which is in the head), from en-2 + kephalē head]
enˈcephalous adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ɛnˈsɛf əˌlɒn, -lən)

n., pl. -lons, -la (-lə).
the brain.
[1735–45; < New Latin, alter. (-on for -os) of Greek enképhalos (adj.) within the head, as masculine n., brain]
en`ce•phal′ic (-səˈfæl ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.encephalon - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centersencephalon - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
circle of Willis - a ring of arteries at the base of the brain
arteria communicans, communicating artery - any of three arteries in the brain that make up the circle of Willis
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
central nervous system, CNS, systema nervosum centrale - the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
neencephalon, neoencephalon - the part of the brain having the most recent phylogenetic origin; the cerebral cortex and related parts
forebrain, prosencephalon - the anterior portion of the brain; the part of the brain that develops from the anterior part of the neural tube
mesencephalon, midbrain - the middle portion of the brain
hindbrain, rhombencephalon - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
brain stem, brainstem, brain-stem - the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
ventricle - one of four connected cavities in the brain; is continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord and contains cerebrospinal fluid
head, caput - the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains; "he stuck his head out the window"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


n. encéfalo, porción del sistema nervioso contenido en el cráneo.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The most detailed description of circulus arteriosus cerebri was published by Kanan, but this work don't showed photographs and topography by sections of these vessels in relation to the different parts of the head and encephalon. Recently, other description was published by Kie?tyka-Kurc et al.
in an encephalon we aren't currently able to survey
The central nervous system (CNS), especially the encephalon, is isolated from the immune system by the blood-brain barrier (BBB),[5] which provides functional and structural support for the brain.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the encephalon indicates cerebellar vermis hypoplasia and mild dilatation of the cisterna magna (Figures 1 and 2).
However, the spinal cord is also an interesting model for neurodevelopmental toxicity studies because its structural organization is less complex than the encephalon and it has fewer tissue layers, allowing observation of the neurotoxic effects on cells at different stages of differentiation [14, 15, 30].
At necropsy, darkened blood (chocolatecolored; Figure 1C) of difficult coagulation, cherryred colored skeletal (Figure 1D) and cardiac (Figure 1E) musculature, stomach compartments dilated due to large amounts of gas, and lungs (Figure 1F), kidneys, liver and encephalon brownish-colored were observed.
B, The fresh encephalon has a pink-beige cortex that turns gray after formalin fixation (heme turned into hematin, see also Figure 3, B.
And another animal experiment also found that cattle encephalon glycoside and ignotin (CEGI) treatment could effectively upregulate MBP/MAP-2 expression, ameliorate white matter fibers damage, and alleviate the neurobehavioral dysfunction after ICH [63].
Montesinos, "Experimental effects of low power laser in encephalon and endorphin synthesis," Journal of European Medical Laser Association, vol.
Paralyses can be due to direct damage of the sixth cranial nerve, encephalon nuclei or less frequently, diffuse axonal damage.
In 1990, the Library of Congress and the National Institutes of Health of the United States launched the project known as "The Decade of the Brain" in order to promote the scientific study of the encephalon and emphasize the importance of deepening its knowledge for the good of mankind (Library of Congress, 1990).

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