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tr.v. en·cum·bered, en·cum·ber·ing, en·cum·bers
1. To cause to have difficulty in moving or in accomplishing something; burden: a hiker encumbered with a heavy pack; a student encumbered with responsibilities.
2. To hinder or impede the action or performance of: restrictions that encumber police work. See Synonyms at hinder1.
3. To burden with legal or financial obligations: an estate that is encumbered with debts.
[Middle English encombren, from Old French encombrer, to block up : en-, in; see en-1 + combre, hindrance (from Gaulish *comboros).]
1. to hinder or impede; make difficult; hamper: encumbered with parcels after going shopping at Christmas; his stupidity encumbers his efforts to learn.
2. to fill with superfluous or useless matter
3. to burden with debts, obligations, etc
[C14: from Old French encombrer, from en-1 + combre a barrier, from Late Latin combrus, of uncertain origin]
enˈcumberingly, inˈcumberingly adv
1. to impede or hinder; hamper.
2. to block up or fill with superfluous or obstructive things.
3. to weigh down; burden.
4. to burden with obligations, debt, etc.
[1300–50; Middle English < Anglo-French, Middle French encombrer=en- en-1 + -combrer, v. derivative of combre dam, weir « Gaulish *comberos confluence, bringing together]
Past participle: encumbered
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|Verb||1.||encumber - hold back|
confine, limit, throttle, trammel, restrain, restrict, bound - place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the time you can spend with your friends"
bridle - put a bridle on; "bridle horses"
curb - keep to the curb; "curb your dogs"
clog - impede the motion of, as with a chain or a burden; "horses were clogged until they were tamed"
1. burden, load, embarrass, saddle, oppress, obstruct, retard, weigh down The company is still labouring under the debt burden that it was encumbered with in the 1980s.