cretinism

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cre·tin·ism

 (krēt′n-ĭz′əm)
n.
A congenital condition caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormone during prenatal development and characterized by small stature, intellectual disability, dystrophy of the bones, and a low basal metabolism.

cretinism

(ˈkrɛtɪˌnɪzəm)
n
(Pathology) old-fashioned a condition arising from a deficiency of thyroid hormone, present from birth, characterized by dwarfism and mental retardation. See also myxoedema

cre•tin•ism

(ˈkrit nˌɪz əm; esp. Brit. ˈkrɛt-)

n.
a congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion, resulting in stunted growth, deformity, and mental retardation.
[1795–1805; < French crétinisme]

cretinism

Medicine. a congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion causing deformity and idiocy. — cretinoid, cretinous, adj.
See also: Idiocy

cretinism

Dwarfism and mental retardation caused by too little thyroxine in childhood.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cretinism - severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting
hypothyroidism - an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
Translations
kretenismus
kretinismi
kretynizm

cretinism

n (Med) → Kretinismus m; (inf)Schwachsinn m, → Idiotie f

cre·tin·ism

n. cretinismo, hipotiroidismo congénito debido a una deficiencia acentuada de la hormona tiroidea.

cretinism

n cretinismo
References in periodicals archive ?
Selenium is also related to other diseases involving tissue damage, such as Keshan disease (heart disease), Kaschin disease (bone disease) and myxedematosus endemic cretinism.
Iodine deficiency has been shown to be associated with endemic cretinism, endemic goitre and subcretinous mental subnormalities (1).
This is consistent with recent hypothyroid endemic cretinism throughout Indonesia, including the nearby island of Bali," Science Daily quoted Oxnard as saying.