cretinism(redirected from endemic cretinism)
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A congenital condition caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormone during prenatal development and characterized by small stature, intellectual disability, dystrophy of the bones, and a low basal metabolism.
(Pathology) old-fashioned a condition arising from a deficiency of thyroid hormone, present from birth, characterized by dwarfism and mental retardation. See also myxoedema
cre•tin•ism(ˈkrit nˌɪz əm; esp. Brit. ˈkrɛt-)
a congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion, resulting in stunted growth, deformity, and mental retardation.
[1795–1805; < French crétinisme]
Medicine. a congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion causing deformity and idiocy. — cretinoid, cretinous, adj.See also: Idiocy
Dwarfism and mental retardation caused by too little thyroxine in childhood.