beriberi(redirected from endemic neuritis)
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A disease caused by a deficiency of thiamine, characterized by neurological symptoms, cardiovascular abnormalities, and edema, and occurring chiefly in individuals whose diet consists largely of polished rice.
[From Sinhalese bæribæri, intensive reduplication of bæri, unable, impossible (in reference to the weakness experienced by beriberi sufferers), from Sanskrit dialectal *abhāriya-, variant of Sanskrit *abhārya-, not to be borne, unbearable : a-, not; see ahimsa + bhārya-, to be borne or supported (from bharati, he carries, brings; see bher- in Indo-European roots).]
(Pathology) a disease, endemic in E and S Asia, caused by dietary deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1). It affects the nerves to the limbs, producing pain, paralysis, and swelling
[C19: from Sinhalese, by reduplication from beri weakness]
ber•i•ber•i(ˈbɛr iˈbɛr i)
a disease of the peripheral nerves caused by a deficiency of vitamin B1.
[1695–1705; < Sinhalese, reduplication of beri weakness]
A disease caused by a lack of thiamine in the diet. It causes nerve damage and circulatory problems.