bejel

(redirected from endemic syphilis)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to endemic syphilis: pinta, Bejel

bej·el

 (bĕj′əl)
n.
A nonvenereal form of syphilis that is endemic primarily among children in the Middle East and North Africa, characterized by mouth and skin lesions and destruction of long bone tissue, and caused by a strain of the spirochete Treponema pallidum that is transmitted by mouth-to-mouth contact or shared utensils.

[Colloquial Arabic bajal.]
References in periodicals archive ?
The precolumbian hypothesis presumes that syphilis and other treponemal diseases were widely spread in both of the Worlds, the endemic syphilis emerging around 7000 BC, as a consequence of climate changes; around 3000 BC the sexually transmitted syphilis may have emerged from endemic syphilis in South Western Asia, also because of climate changes.
pallidum subspecies endemicum, which is responsible for nonvenereal endemic syphilis, also known as bejel; and T.
Although both diseases have been largely eradicated, yaws historically infected people in hot, humid locales, whereas endemic syphilis occurred in hot, dry regions.
There are four syndromes associated with treponematosis: yaws, treponarid (also known as bejel, endemic syphilis, irkintja), venereal syphilis and pinta (Ortner 2003).
Campbell argues that endemic syphilis in fact afforded Aborigines some protection against the harsher venereal syphilis imported by Europeans, so that the latter did not spread as rapidly and disastrously as is commonly assumed.